Real Irish Republican Army (Real IRA (RIRA) Óglaigh na hÉireann (Volunteers of Ireland)

Posted in Uncategorized on 07/05/2011 by johnfcaba

John Francis McCabe Seán Próinsiás MacCába

Real Irish Republican Army
(Óglaigh na hÉireann)

The Real Irish Republican Army, otherwise known as the Real IRA (RIRA) and styling itself as Óglaigh na hÉireann (Volunteers of Ireland), is a paramilitary organisation which aims to bring about a united Ireland. Formed in 1997 following a split in the Provisional IRA, it is an illegal organisation in the Republic of Ireland and designated as a terrorist organisation in the United Kingdom and the United States.

The organisation has been responsible for a number of bombings in Northern Ireland and England, most notably the 15 August 1998 Omagh bombing, which killed 29 people. On 7 March 2009 RIRA members claimed responsibility for an attack on the Massereene Barracks that killed two British soldiers, the first to be killed in Northern Ireland since 1997.




On 10 October 1997 a Provisional IRA General Army…

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Bobby Sands remembered in Havana – Cuba

Posted in Poblachtach martyrs AN GHAEILGE IRA - ARM Liberation NÁISIÚNTA NA hÉIREANN - Part 1 of 4, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on 07/05/2011 by johnfcaba

A memorial dedicated to the Irish Hunger strike demonstrators sits in Havana

Irish tourists and local Cubans held a commemoration in Havana at the Irish Hungertrike memorial on Sunday evening to remember Booby Sands who died on hungerstrike in Long Kesh prison on the 5th of May 1981.

Over 60 people took part in a commemoration in central Havana, Cuba, last Sunday to remember Irish Hungerstriker Bobby Sands (27) who died in Long Kesh prison in May 1981.

A wreath was layed at the monument and a number of individuals spoke at the event. The crowd was made up of Irish tourists while a number of Cubans along with residents of other south American countries also attended.

Those in attendance then observed a minutes silence in memory of Sands and his nine comrades.

Who was Bobby Sands?

Sands was a Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) prisoner who was serving 14 years in for possession of weapons which were found in the boot of a car in which he was travelling following a gun battle between IRA members and British troops in Belfast. At the time of his death he was the youngest elected member of the British Parliament (his election took place during his hungerstrike – he received over 30,000 votes in the Fermanagh/South-Tyrone constituency).

While in prison British authorities removed Prisoner of War status for imprisoned members of paramilitary groups and instead labelled them as criminals. Such measures were opposed by the IRA and the smaller Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) who considered themselves legitimate armies fighting against an occupational force.

As the opposition mounted the republican prisoners called a hungertrike – 7 members of the IRA and 3 members of the INLA died before the protest was called off. During that time Bobby Sands was elected to the British Parliament as an MP while another two were elected to the Irish Parliament.

Britain eventually restored special category status for paramilitary prisoners following the hunger strike. The strikes were also seen as the beginning of Sinn Féin’s electoral strategy.

Following his death many of Sand’s writings were published, including the novels “One Day in My Life” and “Skylark sing your Lonely Song”. A collection of his poetry entitled “Prison Poems” has also been released. Sands also wrote the lyrics to the songs “Back Home in Derry” and “McIlhatton” which were both recorded by Irish musician Christy Moore. Another one of his poems, “Sad Song for Susan” has also been recorded as a song by various artists.

Over 100,000 people attended Sand’s funeral in Belfast. His death lead to widespread rioting throughout Northern Ireland as well as protests in the south of Ireland, England, Soviet Union, France, Scotland, USA, India, Norway and elsewhere.

There are streets around the world named after Bobby Sands including in Tehran, Paris, Hartford, Nantes, St.Etienne, Le Mans, Vierzon, St.Denis and Elahieh

A – Poblachtach martyrs AN GHAEILGE IRA – ARM Liberation NÁISIÚNTA NA hÉIREANN – Part 1 of 4

Posted in Poblachtach martyrs AN GHAEILGE IRA - ARM Liberation NÁISIÚNTA NA hÉIREANN - Part 1 of 4 on 07/05/2011 by johnfcaba

We Remember with sorrow and pride the staff and volunteers of the

Irish National Liberation Army


Irish Republican Socialist Party

who gave their lives in the struggle for an Irish Workers’ Republic

Hunger Strike and North West

IRSM Monument, Derry

The IRSP in Derry have recently been involved in one of the most important republican projects in the the city since the formation of the Republican Socialist Movement in 1974. The building of a fitting tribute to members of the Irish National Liberation Army and Irish Republican Socialist Party from counties Derry and Tyrone who gave their lives during the latest phase of the war against the British establishment in Ireland. This monument, which is on the graves of two hungerstrikers, Mickey Devine and Patsy O’Hara, is also dedicated to the memory of the ten hungerstrikers of 1981. This design was chosen because it represents the spirit of resistance shown by the revolutionary forces in Ireland during the past thirty years. This design is nothing new in Ireland. Examples of earlier statues of a similar nature are located in various areas of the country, including Ardee in County Louth where the statue there commemorates two members of the “old IRA”.

Statement From the O’Hara family on the
Occasion of the Dedication of the Derry Monument
We, the family of hunger strike martyr Patsy O Hara, wish to congratulatethe Derry City Hunger Striker Memorial Fund for all the work they carriedout during the past four years to raise funds for a fitting tribute to theH-Block martyrs from Derry who died in 1981.We also wish to thank the Ard Comhairle and members of the IRSP whohelped ensure that a fitting tribute will stand for years to come to
memory of Patsy and his other Comrades!
Special thanks to all those who took part in recording the cassette,‘Memories of a Hunger Strike’.We view with dismay the furore this week to once again attempt to
Criminalise Patsy and his Comrades. These men died during a War, a warof Liberation, and as Combatants in that War are entitled to such amonument. And as Republican Socialists they died for a dream of a betterlife for all the people in this City, the Working class. So this tributeshould be seen in the context of their sacrifice and ideals.To the ones that would want to have this removed, we say let us remove allthe War Memorials at the same time! Including the World war memorials likethe one that stands in our city’s diamond, that Commemorates a terriblesacrifice for the world!Finally, we would like to offer special thanks to the people of Derry City,
who kindly contributed to the various fund raising events that wereundertaken to fund the building of the monument. Without your support the
monument may never have been built.Now that the monument is standing, we would like to publicly questionSinn Fein’s behaviour in regard to the fund-raising activity. It is not that
they were not supportive of this memorial, but that prominent members oftheir movement actually discouraged other people from supporting the effort
to have the monument built. Sinn Fein’s active attempts to discourage othersfrom supporting this effort is a slur to the hunger strikers and an insult
to the people of Derry.

Let the fight go on.
–Patsy O’Hara

Arm Saoirse Náisiúnta na h-Éireann

Briogáid Dhoire

Roll of Honour

Óglach Colm McNutt Derry Brigade INLA Killed in Action, 12th December 1977

Colm was just eighteen years old when he was killed in the William Street area of his native Derry by undercover agents of the British state. As a politically aware youth growing up in Derry he witnessed at first hand the brutality of the British Imperialist stranglehold on his country and it was as a result of the occupation that Colm took up arms, not only to defend his city from the British but to fight for a workers’ republic that would indeed cherish all the children of the nation equally. Colm paid the ultimate price for the love of his country and his people.

Remember him with honour and pride.

“Unveiling of Memorial in honour of:INLA Óglachs Colm McNuttDermot Tonto McShane & Hessy Phelan”

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – ÓglachHugh Ferguson
Assassinated by OIRA on 20 February 1975

19 year old construction worker and IRSP branch chairman, shot in Belfast by the OIRA at the start of the IRSM’s baptism of fire

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Daniel Loughran

Assassinated by the OIRA on 5 April 1975

20 year old expert marksman and former soldier in the Irish Army, Danny Loughran joined the Republican Socialist Movement at its inception, having been a member of the OIRA prior to that. He was assassinated by the OIRA close to his home in the Divis Flats.

It was believed he was killed by OIRA man Eamon “Hatchet” Kerr.

Given a paramilitary funeral with members of the People’s Liberation Army (a broader paramilitary grouping than the INLA, formed to defend the IRSM from OIRA attacks) a volley of shots was fired over his coffin. He was a “staff officer” of the INLA, though “PLA” was carved into his gravestone in Milltown Cemetary.

At his funeral, an IRSP spokesperson said “There are not enough bullets in Cyprus Street or in Gardiner Place (OIRA addresses in Belfast and Dublin) to kill the dream for which he died.”

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Brendan McNamee
Assassinated by the OIRA on 5 June 1975

BELFAST I.R.S.P | Brendan McNamee | + | Miriam Daly | MURDERED BY | BRITISH | AGENTS

Falls Road, Falls Park, Belfast West, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.
Junction of Falls Road and Glen Road; on the site of the former Andersonstown Barrracks.

From west Belfast, the 22 year old McNamee joined the IRSP when it was formed. He was a staff officer in the INLA and PLA and was assassinated by the OIRA on the Stewartstown Road.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Thomas Trainor
Assassinated on 8 March 1978

Aged 29, a member of the IRSP and a staff officer in the INLA, he was shot by the UVF as he and a companion were walking along the Armagh Road from Jervis Street. The INLA said that Trainor had been threatened numerous times by the RUC and had been told that the SAS “would get him”.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Seamus Costello ( Séamus Mac Coisdealbha, 1939–1977)

Assassinated by the OIRA on 5 October 1977

Known as the “Boy General” for his leadership skills as a youth in the Official IRA during the border campaigns, he went on to found the Irish Republican Socialist Party and the Irish National Liberation Army. He was assassinated by the OIRA in 1977.

“Our target must be the achievement of the ideals set out in the Proclamation of 1916 – the right of the people of Ireland to the ownership of Ireland, religious and civil liberty, equal rights and equal opportunities for all our citizens.” – Seamus Costello, the founder of the Irish Republican Socialist Movement), 1966.

“we must make no secret of the fact that we are a revolutionary party, prepared to give leadership on the streets as well as in the elected chambers & that we are out for a revolutionary state” (Seamus Costello)

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Anthony McClelland
Killed in Action on 16 October 1979

INLA volunteer in the Armagh Brigade, aged 25, Tony McClelland was killed on active duty when the car he was riding in was involved in an accident in Co. Monaghan during a police chase.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Miriam Daly
Assassinated on 26 June 1980

Outspoken republican socialist Miriam Daly, aged 45, was murdered on 26 June, 1980, in her home on Andersonstown Road, Andersonstown, Belfast. Her body, bound and shot, was found by her nine-year-old daughter after she returned from school.

Mrs. Daly, a lecturer in economic and social history at Queen’s University in Belfast, was one of the original founders of the Irish Republican Socialist Party with Seamus Costello, and become the party’s second chairperson.

She joined a list of martyrs that came to include Noel Lyttle, a fellow republican socialist and committed activist in the H-Block Campaigns, IRSP/H-Block activist Ronnie Bunting, and John Turnley of the Irish Independence Party, all of whom represented the national leadership of the H-Block Committee and as such became targets for the state apparatus, and the loyalist paramilitary death squads under its control, in its desire to crush the prisoners’ struggle.

Indicating her level of involvement and influence within the movement, a four-man honour guard from the INLA joined the funeral cortege as it halted outside the Daly house in West Belfast on its way to the requiem Mass and fired a volley of shots over her casket in a tribute to the fallen martyr.

Miriam Daly, IRSP Chairperson and INLA volunteer, is buried at Swords, near Dublin, in the Irish Republic.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Ronnie Bunting
Assassinated on 15 October 1980

IRSP member Ronnie Bunting, aged 32, was shot and killed by the SAS along with Noel Lyttle in Bunting’s Turf Lodge home in Belfast. Three previous attempts on Bunting’s life had taken place between 1975 and 1978.

Bunting, the son of Major Ronald Bunting who was a former aide to the Rev. Ian Paisley, was the Belfast commander and senior chief of staff of the INLA, as well as a founding member of the Irish Republican Socialist Party.

While an arts student at Belfast’s Queens University, Bunting had been the only Protestant to be interned without trial by British security forces for several months during 1972.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Noel Lyttle
Assassinated on 15 October 1980

It was widely believed that at the time of his murder, Noel Lyttle had assumed the duties Miriam Daly had held within the movement, organising within the movement as well as being on the executive of the National H-Block/Armagh Committee.

It was suspected that the same SAS unit that killed Lyttle had also killed Miriam Daly in June of 1980. John Turnly of the Irish Independence Party and later Bernadette Devlin McAliskey in January of 1981 were victims of attempted murders by loyalist paramilitaries, all in a campaign to destroy the National H-Block/Armagh Committee, on whose executive the four sat.

It was also suspected that the official British policy, failing in their attempts to crush the IRSM, was to hit “soft targets” to avenge the INLA assassination of Airey Neave, Thatcher’s loyal ally killed by a mercury-tilt bomb in the carpark beneath Parliament.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Jim Power
Killed in Action on 7 May 1981

Brother of Ta Power, Jim was one of only two republicans to die in action during the hunger strikes — Jim was killed while defusing a bomb.

Speaking of his brother, Ta Power said

“He was born under a regime of repression and died fighting for liberty. In the words of George Jackson, on the death of his own brother: ‘I want people to wonder at the forces which created him, terrible, calm man-child, courage in one hand, the machine gun in the other, scourge of the unrighteous, an ox for the people to ride!'”

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Emmanuel Matt McClarnon
Killed in Action on 12 May 1981

McLarnon, McCabe and Doherty – INLA – Linden Street, off Lower Falls Road, Falls. Plaque Reads

“I ndil chuimhne Dedicated to the memory of INLA Volunteer Matt McLarnon, Nora McCabe and Peter Doherty who were murdered in this area by British state forces during the 1981 H-Block hunger strike A Mhuire Banrion na nGeal gui ar a son”.

Aged 21, Volunteer Matt McClarnon was shot and killed by army during rioting near his home at Massereene Row in the Divis Flats in the lower Falls area of west Belfast.

On active service at the time of his death, he had fired on soldiers a few hours after word had come out that Francis Hughes had died on hunger strike.

At his funeral, five INLA volunteers stepped from the hallway of St. Peter’s Catholic Church and fired three volleys of shots in the air.

I first got to know Matt the same year I got out of the Kesh 1976. He had become involved in the movement earlier that year. He was very young but tall end well made for his age. Most importantly he was very eager to get involved in activity against the enemy. At this time Matt was involved in a unit further up the Falls from Divis, where he lived. I didn’t really get to know Matt well until we both found ourselves in the Crum in 1979.
He had been arrested along with eight others in a flat in Divis. They were charged with possession of two pistols and a Russian grenade which were supposed to have been thrown out of the flat they were in. In the Cram I got to know Matt as a genuine person who was easy to get on with. He was always one for having a good slag and keen for news on how the struggle was progressing outside. He was well got with his fellow prisoners IRSP and Provo alike. He was very fond of his mother and also Rose his girlfriend who was later to become his wife.

The charges were dropped and Matt was released. Within a short while he was again active in the movement and showing even more determination than before. I was now in the same unit as him and he was always busy planning and carrying out regular operations against the forces of oppression.

Day in day out he talked about the prisoners and the struggle for political status; how the people of Divis were suffering from the terrible housing conditions and the continual Brit and RUC harassment.
When Bobby Sands died Matt was out right away operating against the enemy. When Francis Hughes died he was even more angered as he knew him personally from prison. He went out, rifle in hand to avenge Francis Hughes and in doing so sacrificed his own life. Matt was shot in the back by a Brit sniper.
Matt McLarnon will be missed not only by his broken hearted wife Rose and his mother and family, but also by his comrades including myself. We pledge ourselves to continue the struggle for Irish freedom and socialism, for which Matt gave his life.
We will not forget you Matt.

The struggle goes on.


“They may kill the Revolutionary – But never the REVOLUTION”

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Patsy O’Hara (Peatsaí Ó hEadhra; 11 July 1957 – 21 May 1981)

Died on Hunger Strike on 21 May 1981

Patsy O Hara was born on 11th July 1957 in Derry city. The violence during the civil rights marches of the late 1960s, and Patsy’s presence at the Battle of the Bogside in August 1969 aroused passionate feelings of nationalism. By 1975, Patsy had joined the INLA.

Patsy was arrested on 14th May 1979 and was charged with possessing a hand-grenade. In January 1980, he was sentenced to eight years in jail and went on the blanket, where he later became Officer Commanding of the INLA prisoners in the H-Blocks.

Patsy was 61 days on hunger strike; at 11.29 p.m. on 21st May 1981 he became the first INLA Volunteer to to die on hunger strike, just as he had been the first INLA Volunteer to join the strike.

After we are gone, what will you say you were doing? Will you say you were with us in our struggle or were you conforming to the very system that drove us to our deaths?” (Patsy O’Hara 1957-81)

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM –
Óglach Kevin Lynch (Caoimhín Ó Loingsigh 25 May 1956 – 1 August 1981)Died on Hunger Strike on 1 August 81

Kevin Lynch was born 25th May 1956 in Dungiven, County Derry. This was a primarily nationalist area but was garrisoned by the RUC and the British Army; thus, Kevin grew up experiencing the prejudice and sectarian hatred existing under such conditions.

Kevin joined the INLA in 1976, and was arrested only three months later in an RUC ambush in which suspected INLA activists in the town were rounded up. In 1977 he was sentenced to 10 years and immediately joined the blanket protest.

Kevin was 71 days on hunger strike; he was the second INLA Volunteer to join the hunger strike and to die as a result, at 1:00am on 1st August 1981.

“The real criminals are the British imperialists who have thrived on the blood and sweat of generations of Irishmen and Irishwomen. They have maintained control of Ireland through force of arms and there is only one way to end it. Only the Irish people can save us through united action. Organise now, tomorrow may be too late.” – Irish National Liberation Army.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM –
Óglach Michael James “MickeyDevine (Mícheál Ó Duibhinn;) (26 May 1954–21 August 1981)Died on Hunger Strike on 20 August 1981

Michael James Devine was born on 26th May 1954 in Springtown, just outside of Derry city. He grew up in the Creggan area of Derry, where he was raised by his sister Margaret and her husband after both parents died unexpectedly when he was age 11.

Mickey was witness to the civil rights marches of the late 1960s in Derry in which civilians were often brutally attacked and the trauma of Bloody Sunday. In fact, Mickey himself was hospitalised twice because of police brutality. In the early 70s, Mickey joined the Labour Party and the Young Socialists. Then in 1975, Mickey helped form the INLA.

In 1976 he was arrested, and sentenced in 1977 to 12 years after an arms raid in County Donegal; he immediately joined the blanket protest. While on hunger strike an appeal to Irish workers he drafted was smuggled out of Long Kesh and it was this letter to Irish workers that was read at factory gates throughout Ireland.

Mickey was 60 days on hunger strike; he was the third INLA Volunteer to join the hunger strike and died at 7:50am on 20th August 1981.

Seasann muid ar son saoirse na náisiún na hÉireann ionas go mbeidh glúnta atá le teacht taitneamh a bhaint as an rathúnas tuillte acu ceart, saor ó chur isteach eachtrach, cos ar bolg agus a shaothrú.”

Is féidir leis an ghrian ag éirí deireadh a chur leis an dorchadas na hoíche, ach ní féidir banish an blackness na mhailís féin, fuath, agus brutality, go bhfuil Éire ag troid agus chosain sé, i gcoinne an rialtais na Breataine le haghaidh níos mó ná 800 years.Erins “Beidh Mhac agus iníon ar conquer seo olc! in onóir ár gcomrádaithe tar éis titim, le fórsa oidhreacht ó ár mairtíreach ar! lenár saol, ár saoirse, agus beidh ár náisiúin saor in aisce! ansin ní bheidh ár bpáistí gcroíthe a burdened “Is é an bóthar chun saoirse bród spioradálta agus daonnachta” le eagla nó caillteanas. Theres aon rud níos láidre ná i gcroílár an oibrí deonach Ní mór dúinn aon chéimeanna ar gcúl;. Caithfidh ár céimeanna a chur ar aghaidh, le haghaidh más rud é nach bhfuil againn, an martyrs a fuair bás ar do shon, dom, don tír seo beidh, haunt linn le haghaidh eternity ”
“Reigns an diabhal nuair a dhéanann fir dea-rud ar bith” “Tíocfaidh Ár Lá” téigh go brách Éirinn i

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Roddie Carroll
Killed by RUC during shoot-to-kill operation on 12 December 1982

Roddy Carroll, aged 21 and a member of the INLA (and claimed by security forces as the INLA’s top gunman in Armagh), was killed along with Seamus Grew when their car was fired on by two members of the RUC.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Seamus Grew
Killed by RUC “Shoot to Kill” on 12 December 1982

Seamus Grew, aged 31, a leader of the Irish Republican Socialist Party, was killed, along with Roddy Carroll, when the car they were driving was fired on by the RUC at Armagh. Both men, who were unarmed, were killed instantly. The RUC had been led to believe by an informer that their real target, Dominic McGlinchey, the INLA’s chief of staff, would be in the car as they crossed the border from an INLA meeting in Monaghan in the 26 counties.

Grew had been in shot in the throat and captured in 1979 and sentenced to four years for INLA activities. He was released after serving two years and survived an assassination attempt by Protestant gunmen two months before he was killed.

At the trial, the police officer who killed the two men, Constable John Robinson, was found not guilty, even though he and another RUC officer had fired 19 shots into the car. He claimed they thought they had been shot at, but when it was found out that the two men were unarmed, they later falsely claimed that the two men had crashed through a roadblock and the two police officers were fearful of being run down by the car.

The judge said he was not concerned with an RUC cover-up, only whether Robinson was guilty or not. Not surprisingly, he ruled that Robinson “honestly believed he was fired at and his life was in danger.”

From a Manchester Guardian Weekly commentary on 15 April 1984:

MR JUSTICE MacDermott has acquitted a member of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, Constable John Robinson, on a murder charge in one of the most controversial trials in the province in recent years. It was controversial not merely because of the verdict, although that alone has aroused anger in the nationalist community, but because the false account of the operation which was put out by the RUC at the time, and which was widely disbelieved, was destroyed by the evidence in court.

The deaths of Seamus Grew and Roderick Carroll, both members of INLA, took place at Armagh in December, 1982. The RUC said the car containing the two men had accelerated through a checkpoint at Girvan’s Bridge on the Armagh to Keady road (it had not passed a checkpoint), knocking down a police officer who suffered slight injuries (no policeman was knocked down; one was injured elsewhere in a collision with another security vehicle). A police car flashing its blue lights (it was an unmarked car) gave chase and “forced the escaping car to stop” (it was not escaping). “The car then reversed at high speed . . .” (the handbrake was found to be on). “The driver of the car, Grew, then jumped out” (he did not; he and Carroll were shot 18 times where they sat). “The police, believing they were about to be fired on . . .” (they may have so believed, but Grew and Carroll were unarmed.)

It was not contested in court that the RUC story was a fabrication and that Constable Robinson was told not to reveal the nature of the operation because he would contravene the Official Secrets Act. The RUC story concealed the fact that an informant in the Republic had given warning that Dominic McGlinchey (then a wanted man, now in police custody) was coming across the border that night in a car driven by Grew, and that both were likely to be armed and would resist arrest. Robinson said he had been chosen for membership of a Special Support Unit attached to the RUC at Knock, East Belfast, and given training in firearms with the accent on “Firepower, speed, and aggression.” The gun he used on December 12 was a Smith and Wesson 14-magazine double-action hand gun which was not standard issue. The day before the incident he had been briefed about an expected upsurge in terrorist activity. He was part of a heavily armed squad of police drafted into Co Armagh on the night before the operation.

In discharging Constable Robinson the judge said that he was satisfied that “the accused honestly believed he had been fired at and his life was in danger.” There is no need to quarrel with that verdict, reached after an eight-day hearing, in order to point out that it addressed itself only, and in law rightly, to a narrow reconstruction of the case against the constable. What the judge did not have to decide (and what, in other circumstances, a jury might well have addressed in a rider) was the antecedent accumulation of pressure on the RUC, both in Northern Ireland and Britain, to show results in the campaign against INLA. The Armagh shooting came less than a week after INLA had claimed responsibility for the Droppin Well public house bombing at Ballykelly in which 17 people, soldiers and civilians, were killed. But before that act of carnage other IRA and INLA men had been shot in circumstances which the leader of the SDLP, Mr John Hume, described as confering “a licence to kill” and “legalised murder.”

Last week the Irish Times commented: “There is abundant evidence that for a considerable time the RUC and the British Army have operated, officially, a ‘shoot to kill’ policy against suspected members of the provisional IRA and the INLA. In Latin America the forces which carry out such operations have become known as ‘death squads’ and have incurred the odium of the civilised world. The British authorities might care to explain the difference, if any.” This luxurious comparison illustrates again the depressing and demoralising nature of the British role in Northern Ireland. To stay is to connive at the erosion of supremely valuable principles, for no one can deny that British standards of law enforcement and administration of justice have both suffered severely from events in the province. To leave is to betray a majority of people who want us to remain and probably to precipitate a civil war. If the forthcoming report of the New Ireland Forum were to make a slight obeisance to the size of this dilemma it would break new ground. There is, regrettably, little likelihood that that will happen, and as long as it does not the “odium of the civilised world” cannot rightly descend on only one of the two capitals intimately concerned.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Neil McMonagle
Killed in Action on 2 February 1983

Born Eugene Cornelius McMonagle, Neil was a 23-year old native of Coshquin, a small housing estate in Derry, when, unarmed, he was shot and killed by an SAS undercover agent in what was recognised as another in a long list of shoot-to-kill “incidents” involving republicans.

His two brothers said that police threatened them that they would kill Neil.

The INLA provided a colour party and a guard of honour and a volley of shots were fired in a final salute.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Brendan Convery
Killed in Action on 13 August 1983

Aged 26, Brendan was from Co. Derry but lived in Dundalk.

He and Gerard Mallon were shot and killed by the RUC in Dungannon while they carried out an attack on a security sangar.

1,500 people attended his funeral in his hometown of Maghera.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Gerard Mallon
Killed in Action on 13 August 1983

Aged 31, from Madden near Keady in south Armagh, INLA volunteer Gerard Mallon was shot and killed with Brendan Convery by security forces during an INLA attack on a security sangar.

1000 people attended his funeral.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Joe Craven
Assassinated by loyalists on 5 December 1983

Joe Craven, age 26, was assassinated by an Ulster Volunteer Force
gunman (using the cover name Protestant Action Force) who opened fire
from a motorcycle, killing him and wounding his two brothers as they
walked home from the Department of Health and Social Services office
in Newtownabbey, County Antrim. At his funeral the priest refused to accompany the coffin to Milltown
Cemetery in West Belfast, where the INLA were to provide military honours.

The Royal Ulster Constabulary moved in, trying to prevent the display
of a black beret and gloves atop the coffin outside the Craven home,
and clashes occurred between the mourners and the RUC. The family
refused to bring the coffin out until the security forces moved back.
When they finally did move away, the coffin was brought back out, but
the RUC immediately moved in again. Two men were arrested in thesubsequent scuffle.The coffin was eventually carried away by mourners with the beret,gloves, and Starry Plough flag on top.A memorial to Craven was unveiled in the Bawnmore area of North
Belfast on 9 December 2002. ” He died as he lived: a Republican Socialist. Remember him with honourand pride. ”

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Paul “Bonanza” McCann
Killed in Action on 15 June 1984

Described in an INLA statement to Belfast news agencies as an “INLA staff officer in the Belfast Brigade and an outstanding worker in the republican socialist movement” as well as “one of our finest volunteers”, Paul “Bonanza” McCann was killed in questionable circumstances during a midnight raid by the RUC and British troops in a flat in Lenadoon, west Belfast.

Three men (one of them Gino Gallagher) and a woman who were with McCann were arrested at the scene. One RUC constable was killed and two others injured during the raid.

Initial reports from the RUC said McCann was slain when police opened fire after he shot at officers, but later the RUC said no shots were fired by the police or army.

Attempts by RUC and soldiers to stop a military-style funeral for McCann resulted in clashes after the route was blocked by security forces when four masked men lined up behind the coffin. The funeral was allowed to progress only when organizer’s agreed that the funeral would continue without the honors of guard being present.

Mourners confront the RUC at INLA funeral. Known as Bonanza McCann, 20, Paul McCann was shot dead during a raid in Lenadoon, west Belfast on June 15th 1984. Gino Gallagher was arrested at the same time and found guilty of inciting the murder of RUC man Michael Todd, aged 22 from Lambeg.

Paul McCann aged 20, a member of the INLA, was shot dead during an RUC raid on a flat in Lenadoon Avenue, west Belfast on 15th June 1984. Three men arrested at the same time included Gino Gallagher.

Mourners carry the flag draped coffin of Paul McCann, aged 20, shot by the RUC in Lenandoon.
Paul McCann was killed in disputed circumstances June 15th 1984 during a RUC raid on a flat in Lenadoon at which Gino Gallagher was arrested and charged with incitement to murder, following the death of RUC constable Michael Todd. Paul McCann was from the Lower Falls, brother of Fra McCann, later Sinn Fein councillor to Belfast City Council.

Firing party at funeral of INLA man, Paul ‘Bonanza’ McCann killed in disputed circumstances June 15th 1984 during a RUC raid on a flat in Lenadoon at which Gino Gallagher was arrested and charged with incitement to murder, following the death of RUC constable Michael Todd. Paul McCann was from the Lower Falls, brother of Fra McCann, later Sinn Fein councillor to Belfast City Council.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Michael Montgomery
Died on 1 December 1984

Fallen Comrade of the Irish Republican Socialist Movement

Michael Montgomery
Died on 1 December 1984

Michael Montgomery was a former Irish Republican Socialist Party
spokesperson, Irish National Liberation Army officer commanding, and
elected member of the Derry City Council representing the working
class area of Creggan.

He joined the Irish Republican Army in the 1950s and participated in
the Border Campaign of 1956-62, at one point being on the run from
British authorities for several years. He was interned without trial
in 1971 and was one of “The Hooded Men,” twelve republican
activists who were tortured physically, mentally, and through sensory
deprivation after their arrests. The European Court of Human Rights
later found Britain guilty of “inhumane and degrading treatment”
against the Hooded Men.

He died of natural causes at the age of 48 and was laid to rest next
to INLA hunger strikers Patsy O’Hara and Michael Devine in Derry City

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach John Gerard O’Reilly
Assassinated by IPLO on 20 January 1987

Óglach John O’Reilly
Chief of Staff – Irish National Liberation Army
Assassinated on 20 January 1987

John O’Reilly, a 26-year-old from Eliza Street in South Belfast, beganhis career as a republican activist in the 1970s as a member of the
Official Irish Republican Army’s youth wing. As an adult he joined theINLA, where he was instrumental in securing its European arm supply network and eventually succeeded Dominic McGlinchey as its chief ofstaff.In 1986, individuals who had resigned or been purged from the IrishRepublican Socialist Movement came together as the Irish People’sLiberation Organisation to attack the IRSM.
O’Reilly, along with Thomas “Ta” Power and two other INLA members,went to Drogheda to meet with representatives of the IPLO to discussavoiding conflict between the two organisations. Under a flag oftruce, the IPLO attacked the four INLA members, killing O’Reilly andPower.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Thomas “Ta” Power
Assassinated by IPLO on 20 January 1987

Aged 33, assassinated by IPLO with John O’Reilly at the Rossnaree Hotel outside Drogheda. He and O’Reilly had gone to the hotel to reach an agreement with the IPLO. One of those who carried out the assassination was Gerard Steenson.

From Friendly Street in the Markets area of south Belfast, he had been in the OIRA but joined the INLA in 1975 while a prisoner in Long Kesh.

Noted for having spent the longest time on remand (4 years and 4 months) on the word of grass Harry Kirkpatrick, he was also held on the evidence of five different supergrasses, and had just been released from Crumlin Road a short time before he was killed.

Respected in republican circles, he was widely regarded as a thinker and theorist, having drawn up a plan while in prison on reorganisation of the Republican Socialist Movement. This ambitious plan, which placed all sections of the movement subordinate to the political direction of the IRSP, had been adopted by the INLA shortly before his death.

The Ta Power Document:

An Essay on the History of
the Irish Republican Socialist Movement

Power, Power, O’Reilly and Gargan – INLA – Junction of Friendly Street and Stewart Street, the Market. Irish National Liberation Army – James Power, Thomas Power, John O’Reilly and Emanuel Gargan.

Commissioned By: The Irish Republican Socialist Ex-.Prisoners Memorial Committee.

Plaque Reads

“In proud memory of our fallen comrades Irish National Liberation Army Vol. James ‘Jim’ Power Killed in action 7 May 1981 Vol. Thomas ‘Ta’ Power Assassinated 20 January 1987 Vol. John O’Reilly. Assassinated 20 January 1987 Vol. Emanuel Gargan Assassinated 21 March 1987 When the freedom of our country and class has been won let us guard it well remembering it was paid for by the blood and lives of those now dead Erected by the Irish Republican Socialist Ex-Prisoners Memorial Committee”. Date of Erection 11 May 2003

Plaque shows the IRSM symbol centred on top and an Irish tricolour crossed with a Starry Plough on each side. Plaque unveiled by family members of all commemorated Volunteers. Proceedings chaired by Gerard Murray of Teach Na Failte Belfast Memorial Committee. Main speaker at the unveiling ceremony: Gerry Ruddy.

“we must be vigilant that we dont sink into the morass of sectarianism, mixing, pettiness etc. We must not get involved in unprincipled slagging matches etc or into positions that are sectarian, anti-revolutionary, morally damaging that give succour to the enemy & that confuse & divide the working class(Thomas ‘Ta’ Power – INLA Guerilla)

“Are we amateurs and not professionals? We know the lessons of history, we know the mistakes and we either act accordingly or collapse. Salvation lies in clarity and the courage to implement change” (Thomas ‘Ta’ Power – INLA Guerilla)

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Mary McGlinchey
Assassinated on 31 January 1987

Wife of Dominic McGlinchey and mother of two sons, Mary was a volunteer in the INLA, assassinated on 31 January, 1987.

24 years ago on January 31st, 1987, Mary McGlinchey, wife of INLA ledaer, Dominic was shot dead in her Dundalk home while she was bathing her two young sons. The brutal nature of the murder shocked the town, but to-day, 20 years on the file on her murder still remains open.On January 31st, 1987 Mary McGlinchey was shot dead in the bathroom of her home in Slieve Foy Park, Muirhevnamor, Dundalk while her two young children looked on.

Twenty years on the file on Mrs. McGlinchey death still remains open, but Gardai admit that it is highly unlikely that anyone will ever be brought to justice for the killing.

Mary McGlinchey was the wife of Dominic an Irish Republican paramilitary with the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) He was dubbed ‘Mad Dog’ by the press, but he personally disliked the name.

On 10 February 1994, McGlinchey himself was also the victim of a violent death. While making a call from a phone box in Drogheda, two men got out of a vehicle and proceeded to shoot him fourteen times.

Again no one has ever been charged with his murder and it is not known which group, whether Loyalist, Republican, state security service or criminal carried out the assassination. After his death, INLA activity decreased and its organisational capability was nearly eliminated.

It was, however, the brutal killing of Mary McGlinchey that caused shock waves in the town.

She was known to be an active member of the INLA and the decision by the Urban Council to allocate the family a house just months before her killing led to some soul searching among local officials and councillors who demanded a change in the rules for the allocation of such houses.

Mrs. McGlinchey had been living in a flat in Castle Road for over a year before applying for a house and while her application for a council house met all the criteria, it was a decision that the council officials were not that anxious to take.

In the midst of his paramilitary career, Dominic McGlinchey married Mary McNeill on 5 July 1975. The couple had three children, Declan, Dominic, and Mháire (who died as an infant resulting from meningitis).

On the night of her killing she was bathing her children Dominic Jnr. (then aged 9) and Declan (aged 11) in her Dundalk home. Dominic heard two men enter the back door of their terraced home at 9.20. He shouted to his mother who was downstairs at the time. She ran up the stairs to try to escape, but was cornered in the bathroom and tried to barricade the door.

She cried out to her killers “don’t shoot me”, but in front of Declan who was preparing to take his bath, they shot her seven times, with two of the bullets hitting her in the head.

Declan’s screams alerted neighbours who ran to the house, but by then the two gunmen had made their escape through the backdoor. They ran down a back alley and across the sportsfield to where they had a car waiting.

Despite intense Gardai activity at the time, the file on Mrs. McGlinchey’s death remains open, but it is thought that her killers were members of the INLA and her death was a reprisal for a killing of a South Armagh man by her husband.

Dominic was in prison on a weapons charge at the time and was not allowed to attend her funeral.

He was born into a Bellaghy family with a strong Irish Republican background. In August 1971, at the age of 17, he was interned without charge for ten months in the prison camps of Ballykelly and Long Kesh. After his release, he was imprisoned again in 1973 on arms charges.

After his next release, he joined a South Derry Independent Republican Unit along with Ian Milne and future Provisional IRA hunger strikers Francis Hughes and Thomas McElwee.

McGlinchey was arrested by the Gardaí in 1977 and charged with hijacking a police vehicle, threatening a police officer with a gun, and resisting arrest. While serving time in Portlaoise Prison, he clashed with the PIRA leadership and ceased his affiliation with that organisation.

He joined the INLA in 1982 as Operations Officer for South Derry and within six months became Chief of Staff. He made an immediate impact, putting an end to dissention within the organisation and building the organisation up throughout the country.

Actions carried out during this period included the bombing of the Mount Gabriel radar station in Co. Cork, which McGlinchey claimed was providing help to NATO in violation of Irish neutrality; the killing of 17 people (11 British soldiers and 6 civilians) by bombing the Droppin’ Well Pub; and numerous other attacks on British military personnel, RUC personnel, and loyalist paramilitary figures.

McGlinchey was arrested on St. Patrick’s Day, 1984, at Ralahine, Newmarket-on-Fergus in Co. Clare, and was extradited to Northern Ireland the same night. He was found guilty of murder and given a life sentence. In October 1985, the Belfast Appeals Court overturned the conviction on the grounds of insufficient evidence and McGlinchey was returned to the Irish Republic where he was sentenced to ten years in Portlaoise prison on firearms charges.

After his release from prison in March of 1993, he began investigating claims that the loyalist Ulster Volunteer Force was involved in money laundering with Irish criminals. In June of that year, he survived an assassination attempt made by UVF member Billy Wright.

The couple’s surviving children, Dominic and Declan are living in the North.

The family and friends of Dominic and Mary McGlinchey organized a wreath laying cermony to take place in Bellaghy at on Easter Saturday. The IRSP accepted an invitation from the family to attend and are providing a colour party for the event. Dominic was a former INLA Chief of Staff and Mary was a former INLA volunteer who were both murdered by scumbags.

~ In no history has been a liberation movement that has fought alone and won liberation. Only when a concentrated power of the people rises in a revolution behind the liberation movement it attains fullness and maturity as people’s struggle, as a national struggle. Only in such a way is liberation possible. ~

” Gluaiseacht Ceannasachta na Dhá Chontae is Tríocha “

There is no easy road to a Socialist Republic/ No short cuts! / We must strive towards uniting and politicising/ The working class no matter what obstacles/ Confront us in our task.

Oh, hear ye the watchword of Labour,
the slogan of those who’d be free.

That no more to any enslaver
must Labour bend suppliant knee,
That we on whose shoulders are borne
the pomp and the pride of the great,
Whose toil they repay with their scorn,
must challenge and master our fate.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM –Óglach Mickey Kearney
Assassinated by IPLO on 18 February 1987

Mickey Kearney: Fallen Comrade of the IRSM

Fallen Comrade of the Irish Republican Socialist Movement

Mickey Kearney
Volunteer – Irish National Liberation Army
Assassinated on 18 February 1987

Mickey “Streetwise” Kearney, age 33 and a father of five, was
ambushed and murdered by the Irish People’s Liberation Organisation
after he slipped out of hiding to visit his wife and children in
Ballymurphy, West Belfast.

He had been released from prison before Christmas 1986 after charges
against him were withdrawn because the appeals judge rejected an
informer’s testimony. After Kearney’s release, he was placed on a hit
list by the IPLO, which forced him to go into hiding.

The IPLO was a counter-revolutionary group formed by individuals who
had resigned or been purged from the IRSM, who then came together to
destroy the IRSM.

A memorial to Kearney and another comrade was unveiled in the New
Barnsley area of West Belfast on 20 January 2003.

Kearney Michael and Campbell Patrick – INLA – Junction of New Barnsley Parade and Springfield Road, New Barnsley.

Irish National Liberation Army – Michael Kearney and Patrick Campbell. “In proud memory of our fallen comrades Vol. Michael “Mickey” Kearney Killed in action 18th February 1987 Vol. Patrick “Paddy Bo” Campbell Killed in action 10th October 1999 Irish National Liberation Army They shall live on in the hearts and minds of our people Erected by the Irish Republican Socialist Ex-Prisoners Memorial Committee”.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Kevin Barry Duffy
Assassinated by IPLO on 21 March 1987

Kevin Barry DuffyVolunteer – Irish National Liberation Army.Assassinated on 21 March 1987
Kevin Barry Duffy, age 20, was killed in Armagh City by the IrishPeople’s Liberation Organisation in retaliation for the INLA’s
execution of IPLO leader Gerard Steenson on March 15th.The IPLO was a counter-revolutionary group formed by individuals who
had resigned or been purged from the IRSM, who then came together todestroy the IRSM.Gargan and Duffy were both involved in the INLA’s efforts to defenditself and the Irish Republican Socialist Party from the IPLO’s attacks.They died as they lived: as Republican Socialists. Remember them withhonour and pride.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Emmanuel Gargan
Assassinated by IPLO on 21 March 1987

Emmanuel Gargan
Volunteer – Irish National Liberation Army
Assassinated on 21 March 1987

Emmanuel Gargan, age 25, was killed in a South Belfast pub by anIrish People’s Liberation Organisation gunman in retaliation for theINLA’s execution of IPLO leader Gerard Steenson on March 15th. Garganhad survived two earlier attempts on his life by the IPLO, and was still on crutches from the second attempt when he was killed.

INLA Plaque (Friendly Street) General view of the street and the plaque on the gable wall. Four INLA members who were killed in the conflict.
Friendly Street, The Market, Shaftsbury, Belfast South, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Junction of Friendly Street and Stewart Street, The Market. 347737

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach James McPhilemy
Killed in Action on 10 August 1988

Aged 20, McPhilemy was part of a three-man team when he was killed in action as he prepared to attack an army post at Clady, Co. Tyrone.

He had made himself vulnerable when he called out to warn children in the area to get down as soldiers opened fire and killed him.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Alex Patterson
Killed in Action on 12 November 1990

Alex Patterson, aged 31, and a father of four from Strabane, County Tyrone, was shot dead on 12 November 1990 by an SAS team who had staked out the house of an Ulster Defence Regiment member near Victoria Bridge outside Strabane.

News reports at the time indicated that security forces had known ahead of time of an imminent INLA attack on the house

Patterson’s death was subject of an inquest in 1997, highlighting another example of Britain’s “shoot to kill” policy when dealing with republican activists.

INLA Memorial (Carlton Court)

INLA Memorial (Carlton Court) A close-up view of part of the ornate gates, with metal cut-outs depicting INLA members. INLA members James McPhilemy and Alex Patterson. Location Address: Carlton Court, Strabane, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. A close-up view of the memorial stone with Celtic cross.A close-up view of the inscription on the memorial stone.Inscriptions; Arm Saoirse Náisiúnta na h-Éireann | Vol. James McPhilemy Killed in Action 10 August 1988 | Vol. Alex Patterson Killed in Action 12 November 1990. Close to the junction of Carlton Court and Carlton Drive.

INLA Plot (Derry City Cemetery)

A view of the INLA Plot and part of the upper part of the Derry City Cemetery. Commemorating INLA and IRSP members who were killed in the conflict, plus some members who died of natural causes. There is also a memorial to the 10 Republicans who died on Hunger Strike in 1981. Comrades commemorated – Óglach Colm McNutt – Óglach Bobby Sands – Óglach Francis Hughes – Óglach Raymond McCreesh – Óglach Patsy O’Hara – Óglach Joe McDonnell – Óglach Martin Hurson – Óglach Kevin Lynch – Óglach Kieran Doherty – Óglach Thomas McElwee – Óglach Mickey Devine – Óglach Eugene McMonagle – Óglach Brendan Convery – Óglach Mary McGlinchey – Óglach James McPhilemy – Óglach Alex Patterson – Óglach Dominic McGlinchey – Óglach Dermot McShane . Derry City Cemetery, Creggan, Derry, County Derry, Northern Ireland.
Near west wall (south-west corner) of the City Cemetery in Creggan, Derry. Entering through the main Creggan gate the INLA plot can be found by following the road directly ahead and across the cemetery and then turning up towards the boundary wall.

” There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death, again and again, before we reach the mountain top of our desires

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Dominic McGlinchey
Assassinated on 10 February 1994

INLA Chief of Staff who was brought in to reform the INLA under “direct military rule”, he was the most-hunted republican in history, being the first in modern Irish history to be extradited by the Irish government to the North.

Assassinated on 10 February 1994, having just been released from prison not too long before.

Óglach Dominic McGlinchey (1954 – 10 February 1994) from Bellaghy, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland was an Irish republican paramilitary with the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA).

Background: McGlinchey was born into a large Bellaghy family (he had 10 siblings) with a strong Irish Republican


In the midst of his paramilitary career, he married Mary McNeill, from County Antrim on 5 July 1975.The couple had three children: Declan, Dominic, and Máire (who died as an infant from meningitis). Mary herself later became a volunteer in the INLA. Dominic Jr. also became a republican activist. In October 2006, Declan McGlinchey was remanded in custody at Londonderry Magistrates’ Court on explosives charges. The charges were connected to the discovery of a bomb in Bellaghy in July. He has since been cleared of these charges. Declan was again arrested on 14 March 2009 in connection with the murder of Police Service of Northern Ireland Constable Stephen Carroll. No charges have been brought.

Paramilitary activities

In August 1971, at the age of 17, he was interned without charge for ten months in the prison camps of Ballykelly and Long Kesh. After his release, he was imprisoned again in 1973 on arms charges.

After his next release, he joined a South Derry Independent Republican Unit along with Ian Milne and future Provisional IRA hunger strikers Francis Hughes and Thomas McElwee. The unit would later merge with the Provisional IRA. Their activities led the Royal Ulster Constabulary to take the unusual step of issuing wanted posters.


McGlinchey was arrested by the Gardaí in 1977 and charged with hijacking a police vehicle, threatening a police officer with a gun, and resisting arrest. In 1982, while serving time in Portlaoise Prison, he clashed with the Provisional Irish Republican Army leadership. He was later court-martialled and dismissed for indiscipline.


McGlinchey joined the INLA in 1982 as Operations Officer for South Derry and became Chief of Staff within six months. His impact was immediate, as he put an end to dissent within the organisation and built it up throughout the country. After the British intelligence agencies decided that he had masterminded the Droppin Well bombing in Ballykelly, County Londonderry, it has been alleged that he was targeted for assassination by The ‘Det’. However an attempt to interdict him on 12 December 1982 failed with Roddy Carroll and Seamus Grew being killed as they allegedly ran a checkpoint. (Their deaths were subsequently investigated by John Stalker as part of his investigation into the Shoot-to-kill policy in Northern Ireland.)

In March 1984 McGlinchey was wounded in a shoot-out with the Gardaí in Ralahine, Newmarket on Fergus, County Clare and arrested. He was extradited to Northern Ireland and sentenced to life imprisonment after being convicted of murder. This conviction was overturned in October 1985 by the Belfast Appeals Court on the grounds of insufficient evidence, and McGlinchey was returned to the Republic of Ireland where he was sentenced to ten years’ imprisonment on firearms charges.

His wife Mary was killed in Dundalk on 31 January 1987 by rogue members of the INLA. McGlinchey was unable to attend her funeral as he was still imprisoned in the Republic of Ireland. After being released from prison in March 1993, he investigated claims that Irish criminals were involved in money laundering with the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF). He survived an assassination attempt made by UVF member Billy Wright in June 1993.


On 10 February 1994, McGlinchey was making a call from a phone box in Drogheda when two men got out of a vehicle and proceeded to shoot him 14 times. It remains one of the most mysterious deaths in The Troubles. No-one has ever been charged with his murder and it is not known which group, whether loyalist, republican, state-security service or criminal carried out the assassination. After his death, INLA activity decreased and its organisational capability was nearly eliminated.

His funeral took place in Bellaghy, County Londonderry.The mourners included Martin McGuinness and Ruairí Ó Brádaigh. In spite of their differences McGlinchy was respected amongst the Provisional IRA for his service record. The oration was delivered by Bernadette McAliskey. During the oration she described journalists, particularly from the Sunday Independent, who had claimed that McGlinchy was involved in criminality as:

” curs and dogs. May everyone of them rot in hell. They have taken away Dominic McGlinchy’s character and they will stand judgement for it. He was the finest Republican of them all. He never dishonoured the cause he believed in. His war was with the armed soldiers and the police of this state ”

” There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death, again and again, before we reach the mountain top of our desires

“Bernadette and Roisin McAliskey and Dominic’s sons carrying their fathers coffin ”

All the war-propaganda, all the screaming and lies and hatred, comes invariably from people who are not fighting.”

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Hessy Phelan
Murdered by U.S. Cop on 21 January 1996

A former member of the IRSP and the INLA, Hessy had moved to New York to get away from the troubles in the North.On 21 January 1996, a friend of Hessy’s, a bartender at a New York pub, asked her boyfriend, a New York cop with a record of excessive force complaints, to take Hessy to his apartment.

Once there, according to witnesses and trial testimony, the boyfriend shot Hessy in the head, and was convicted of manslaughter in 1999.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Gino Gallagher
Assassinated on 30 January 1996

Gino Gallagher with other IRSP representatives at a press conference.and also at the IRSP offices in Belfast, standing before mural honouring Bonanza McCann, shortly before his assassination.

INLA Honour Guard standing watch over Gino, laying in state.

Members of the funeral cortege try to negotiate with RUC who attempted to stop funeral.Escorted by members of the IRSP and colour guard, members of Gino’s family carry his coffin towards Milltown.

RUC takes a swing at member of funeral cortege, trying to stop Gino’s funeral.Gino’s coffin carried by funeral cortege towards Milltown.After many delays and interruptions by the security forces, Gino’s funeral is finally allowed to take place.

Escorted by members of the IRSP and colour guard, members of Gino’s family carry his coffin towards Milltown.This cartoon, drawn by a movement supporter, highlights the questions and intrigue surrounding the assassination of Gino Gallagher, and the ridiculous claims and motives of those who killed him.Due to heavy police and military presence at the funeral, the INLA had to give their final salute to Gino some time after the funeral.

An extremely charismatic and popular republican socialist admired across republican lines and within the broader working class community, he was murdered by British agents on 30 January 1996.

Gino was credited with renovating and reopening Costello House, the IRSP offices in Belfast, and pushing the primacy of politics in the tradition of Costello and Power.

Gino also helped to restore the reputation of the INLA, reputedly having been personally responsible for several assassinations of Loyalist paramilitary figures within their own community strongholds.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Dermot “Tonto” McShane
Murdered by British Army on 13 July 1996

Óglach Dermot McShane
Murdered on 13 July 1996

Dermot “Tonto” McShane, a former member of the Irish Republican
Socialist Party and the Irish National Liberation Army, was crushed by
a British military vehicle during a night of protests in Derry in
support of Catholic residents of Portadown’s Garvaghy Road who had
been beaten off their street to force an Orange Order parade through
during Drumcree.

The Royal Ulster Constabulary and British Army fired more than 6,000
plastic bullets at the protestors in Derry. He was standing behind a
board protecting himself from the onslaught when a British soldier
drove a vehicle at the board and crushed him beneath it.

On 28 May 2002, the European Court of Human Rights ruled in favour of
his widow, Teresa, who had sued the British Ministry of Defence, the
British Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, and the former Chief
Constable of the Royal Ulster Constabulary for negligence and breach
of statutory duty.

A memorial to McShane and two other comrades was unveiled in the
Bogside area of Derry on 13 July 2003.

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach John “Johnny Morocco” Morris,

Killed in Action on 5 June 1997

John “Johnny Morocco” Morris, aged 26, from Sundale Close, Tallaght, Co. Dublin, died in hospital a day after being shot at least twice in the back of the head and chest by gardai during an INLA expropriation at a newspaper distributor’s depot in Goldenbridge industrial estate in Inchicore, Dublin.

Reports say Morris had been a recruitment officer for the INLA in South Dublin.

The INLA identified Morris as a member on active service duty as a volunteer at the time he was killed. Three others with Morris during the expropriation were later jailed by the Special Criminal Court on 11 March 1998.

At his funeral, mourners were told that there would be “many more like John prepared to take up the fight on behalf of the Irish working class” and that he had been engaged in a struggle against “British imperialism and Irish capitalism.”

The garda was accused of failing to act against drug dealers and politicians of helping to divide society, at the funeral, and it was noted that Morris had observed the growth of economic inequality. “While some grew rich, many were ripped off and exploited” the crowd was told.

He was buried in with military honours at Bohernabreena Cemetary by a 12-man colour party, with a heavy gardai presence.

The gun Morris used was unloaded and he had offered surrender when the Garda arrived. Despite early press reports to the contrary, it was later clarified that Morris was shot in the back of the head.

If we are ready to sacrifice our heart, our mind, our body, our sweat, our tears, our blood, our life and our soul towards our destination for freedom then there is nothing in this world which is impossible

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Anthony Dornan
Died 16 April 1999

IRSP: In Memory of Anthony Dornan
6 May 1999

Anthony Dornan, one of the founders of the Irish Republican Socialist Party and Irish National Liberation Army died in Cork city on 16 April 1999. Though belated, the membership and supporters of the Irish Republican Socialist Committees of North America extend our sympathy to the comrades of the IRSM, as well as to the family and friends of Comrade Dornan.

Anthony finally lost a long battle with cancer, but is warmly remembered by those within the IRSM who knew him.

We are advised by Deirdre Montgomery, daughter of another fallen member of the Irish Republican Socialist Movement, who attended the funeral, that it was lovely and was well attended.

Grave of Anthony Dornan – IRA Brigade Officer & INLA Chief of Staff – Milltown Cemetery West Belfast

“If you strike us down now, we shall rise again and renew the fight. You cannot conquer Ireland. You cannot extinguish the Irish passion for freedom. If our deed has not been sufficient to win freedom, then our children will win it by a better deed”

Fallen Comrades of the IRSM – Óglach Patrick Campbell
Killed in Action on 10 October 1999

Óglach Patrick Campbell (1977–1999) was a volunteer in the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) died on 10 October 1999 after being wounded during a conflict in Dublin, Ireland between the INLA and drug dealers.

Campbell was born in New Barnsley in west Belfast in Northern Ireland and moved to Dublin to work in the building industry. At some point, he joined the INLA, an Irish Republican paramilitary group. After his death, his parents said they were unaware that he had been involved in politics.

In the summer of 1999, the INLA became involved in a violent dispute with criminals in west Dublin. The INLA claims that it was trying to halt the sale of illegal drugs in the local working class community. Some reports claim that the businesses in an industrial estate appealed to the INLA for protection against a group of criminals and that the INLA were in fact offering support to the beleaguered community.

On 6 October 1999, Campbell and two other INLA men captured the drug gang members in a warehouse in Ballymount Industrial Estate in Walkinstown. The INLA men were bundling the captured men into a van when other drug gang members arrived and at the scene. During the scuffle that ensued, Campbell was stabbed in the leg with a samurai sword, severing an artery, causing a huge loss of blood ultimately causing his death. He was buried with full military honours in Milltown Cemetery in Belfast by the INLA who staged a show of force including a uniformed colour party. Over 1000 people attended his funeral. Campbell’s funeral was one of the last high profile republican paramilitary funerals in Ireland to date. A man was charged with Campbell’s murder but the charges were later dropped. Two INLA men were convicted for false imprisonmed]. In 2000 the INLA shot and killed a man in Inchicore in Dublin, purportedly in retaliation for the death of Patrick Campbell. Several more shootings have since been attributed to the feud.

Óglach Christopher “Crip” McWilliams

(15 December 1963 – 28 June 2008)

Christopher “Crip” McWilliams (15 December 1963 – 28 June 2008) was a member of both the Irish People’s Liberation Organisation (IPLO) and the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) during the Troubles in Northern Ireland. He was convicted of the murder of Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) leader Billy Wright.

McWilliams was born on 15 December 1963 and grew up in staunchly republican west Belfast. His 16-year-old brother Paul, a member of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) youth section (Na Fianna), was shot dead by British Army soldiers in 1977 as he allegedly threw petrol bombs at their observation post during rioting in Ballymurphy.The following week McWilliams placed a death notice in the Irish News regarding his brother’s death: “He was shot in the back by a coward and died a hero”.

In 1984, McWilliams was jailed for fourteen years for his part in a shoot-out in a flat in the Lenadoon area of west Belfast in which a leading INLA figure, Paul McCann, and a RUC policeman died, but did not serve the full sentence. Seven years later, while still a member of the IPLO, McWilliams was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of Colm Mahon, a bar manager, on 15 December 1991, when Mahon asked McWilliams and his friends to leave the Frames Snooker Hall on Little Donegall Street, Belfast, on McWilliams’ birthday. McWilliams later claimed that he did not carry out the killing and stated that he would name an alleged IPLO gunmen who actually shot Mahon.

The shooting of Billy Wright

There were previous security breaches in connection with INLA prisoners in nearby Maghaberry prison, and McWilliams was among a number of INLA prisoners transferred from Maghaberry to the Maze.It was while McWilliams was at Maghaberry that he had joined the INLA.

On 27 December 1997, McWilliams shot and killed LVF leader Billy Wright, known as “King Rat”. Early in 1997 INLA inmates within the Maze prison had informed Prison Officers that “they intend, given a chance, to take out the LVF”.The Prison Officers Association said precautions had been put in place to ensure inmates from the two organisations did not come into contact with each other as the factions were not participating in ceasefires at the time, and were violently opposed to one another. Their prisoners, however, were housed in the same prison block – H-Block 6 and, despite any precautions that may have been taken, on 27 December 1997 an INLA team, armed with smuggled pistols and led by McWilliams and including John Kennaway and John “Sonny” Glennon, scaled the roof of A wing and dropped to the forecourt outside H Block 6. The three men immediately ambushed Wright in a prison van as it was taking him for a visit with his girlfriend and son. While Kennaway restrained the van’s driver, and with Glennon covering him, he slid open the rear door where Wright sat with another loyalist prisoner, Norman Green, and a Prison Officer. With an alleged smile on his face, McWilliams shouted the words: “Armed INLA volunteers” and pointed his pistol (a Hungarian PA-63 semi-automatic) at Wright, who instantly stood up and kicked out at McWilliams. As Green and the officer threw themselves onto the floor for safety, McWilliams opened fire on Wright. Wright, despite being shot, continued to kick and lash out; McWilliams then climbed into the van and kept on firing at Wright, hitting him a total of seven times. Wright died of the final shot which lacerated his aorta. The three men then returned to their wing and surrendered to prison guards. On 20 October 1998 they were convicted of murder and possession of a firearm and ammunition with intent to endanger life. They were sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder and twenty years for the firearms offence, but served only two years in jail due to the early release provisions of the Good Friday Agreement

McWilliams had served only two years for the murder of Wright and was released from Magilligan prison on 20 October 2000 under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement. Upon his release McWilliams offered to return to the Maze to stage a reconstruction of the murder but refused to go into the details of the attack. He also denied knowing that security cameras were not working and that a watch tower was unmanned that day. He also stated that the “decision was taken to eliminate Billy Wright solely because he was the man who had opted to direct a ruthless campaign of slaughter of innocent Catholics from inside Long Kesh”. In 2006, South Armagh Victims Campaigner, Willie Frazer, called for McWilliams to be returned to prison following accusations that McWilliam’s had become re-involved with dissident Republicans in South Down

Óglach Christopher “Crip” McWilliams

died on the morning of 28 June 2008 in Daisy Hill Hospital, Newry from cancer, aged 44

The rising sun can dispel the darkness of night, but it cannot banish the blackness of malice, hatred, and brutality, that Ireland has fought and defended, against the British government’s for over 800 years.Erins “Son’s and Daughter’s will conquer this evil ! In honor of our fallen comrades, with a force inherited from our Martyr’s! With our lives, our liberty, and will Free our nation! Then our children’s hearts will never be burdened with fear or loss “freedom is the road to spiritual pride and humanity”. There’s nothing stronger than the heart of a volunteer we must take no steps backward; our steps must be onward, for if we don’t, the martyrs who died for you, for me, for this country, will haunt us for eternity.”” The devil reigns when good men do nothing”

“Tíocfaidh Ár Lá” Éirinn go brách

Unrepentant Irish Republican Freedom Fighter

Posted in Uncategorized on 07/05/2011 by johnfcaba



Fallen Volunteers (Irish Republican Freedom Fighters)

Posted in Uncategorized on 07/05/2011 by johnfcaba

Fallen Volunteers 

“Victory at all costs, victory in honor of all fallen comrades, victory however long and hard the road may be; for without victory there is no Freedom”









1st Battalion

Vol Tony Henderson
Vol Terence McDermott
Vol Martin Forsythe
Vol Tony Jordan
Vol John Finucane
Vol Francis Hall
Vol Daniel Burke
Vol Gerard Fennell
Vol John Rooney
Vol Sean McDermott
Vol Thomas Kane
Vol Danny Lennon
Vol Brendan O’Callaghan
Vol Dan Turley
Vol Jim McKernan
Vol Margaret McArdle
Vol Kevin McCracken
Vol Caoimhin Mac Bradaigh
Vol Patricia Black
Vol Frankie Ryan
Vol Pearse Jordan
Vol John O’Rawe
Vol Jimmy Roe

2nd Battalion

Vol Liam McParland
Vol Jimmy Steele
Vol Peter Blake
Vol Tom McGoldrick
Vol Charles Hughes
Vol Seamus Simpson
Vol Danny O’Neill
Vol Albert Kavanagh
Vol Gerard Crossan
Vol Tony Lewis
Vol Sean Johnston
Vol Tom McCann
Vol Patrick Campbell
Vol Robert McCrudden
Vol Michael Clarke
Vol Jimmy Quigley
Vol Daniel McAreavey
Vol Patrick Maguire
Vol John Donaghy
Vol Joseph McKinney
Vol Stan Carberry
Vol Francis Liggett
Vol Edward O’Rawe
Vol Patrick Mulvenna
Vol James Bryson
Vol Martin Skillen
Vol John Kelly
Vol John Stone
Vol Paul Fox
Vol Sean Bailey
Vol James McGrillen
Vol Paul Marlowe
Vol Tommy Tolan
Vol Billy Carson
Vol Kevin Delaney
Vol Terence O’Neill
Vol Liam Hannaway
Vol James Burns
Vol Tony Campbell
Vol Brian Dempsey
Vol Finbarr McKenna
Vol Proinsias Mac Airt

3rd Battalion

Vol Henry McIlhone
Vol Michael Kane
Vol James Saunders
Vol Billy Reid
Vol Patrick McAdorey
Vol Tony Nolan
Vol Gerald McDade
Vol Joseph Cunningham
Vol Gerard Bell
Vol Gerard Steele
Vol Robert Dorrian
Vol Joseph Magee
Vol Samuel Hughes
Vol Charles McCrystal
Vol John McErlean
Vol Edward McDonnell
Vol Jackie McIlhone
Vol Joseph Fitzsimmons
Vol Martin Engelen
Vol Louis Scullion
Vol James Reid
Vol Joseph Downey
Vol Seamus Cassidy
Vol James Sloan
Vol Tony Campbell
Vol James McCann
Vol Patrick McCabe
Vol Brian Smyth
Vol Sean McKee
Vol Frederick Leonard
Vol Seamus McCusker
Vol Martin McDonagh
Vol Frank Fitzsimmons
Vol Joseph Surgenor
Vol Trevor McKibbin
Vol Jackie McMahon
Vol Jackie Mailey
Vol Denis Brown
Vol Jim Mulvenna
Vol Laurence Montgomery
Vol Frankie Donnelly
Vol Martin McKenna
Vol Laurence Marley
Vol Brendan Davison
Vol Thomas Begley


Vol Hugh Hehir


Vol Tony Ahern
Vol Dermot Crowley



Vol Dorothy Maguire
Vol Maura Meehan
Vol Anne Parker
Vol Anne Marie Petticrew
Vol Bridie Dolan
Vol Laura Crawford
Vol Rosemary Bleakley


Vol Vivien Fitzsimmons


Vol Pauline Kane


Vol Julie Dougan


Vol Thomas McCool
Vol Thomas Carlin
Vol Joseph Coyle
Vol Eamonn Lafferty
Vol James O’Hagan
Vol Colm Keenan
Vol Eugene McGillan
Vol John Starrs
Vol Seamus Bradley
Vol Michael Quigley
Vol John Brady
Vol James Carr
Vol James McDaid
Vol Joe Walker
Vol Gerard Craig
Vol David Russell
Vol Michael Meenan
Vol John McDaid
Vol Ethel Lynch
Vol Jim Gallagher
Vol Brian Coyle
Vol Denis Heaney
Vol Patrick Duffy
Vol George McBrearty
Vol Charles Maguire
Vol Eamonn Bradley
Vol Phil O’Donnell
Vol Richard Quigley
Vol Ciaran Fleming
Vol Danny Doherty
Vol Willie Fleming
Vol Charles English
Vol Tony Gough
Vol Philip McFadden
Vol Patrick O’Hagan
Vol Gerard Logue
Vol Paddy Deery
Vol Eddie McSheffrey


Vol Martin Lee
Vol John Bateson
Vol James Sheridan
Vol Danny McMullan
Vol Antoine Mac Giolla Bhrighde
Vol James Kelly


Vol Peter McElcar
Vol Raymond McLaughlin


Vol Patrick Cannon
Vol Colm Daltun
Vol Mick Timothy
Vol Christy Harford
Vol Martin Doherty


Vol Michael Gaughan

(Parkhurst Prison)
Vol James McDade
Vol Brian Fox

(Wakefield Prison)
Vol Francis Stagg
Vol Edward O’Brien
Vol Diarmuid O’Neill


Fian Gerald McAuley
Fian Michael Sloan
Fian Eamon McCormick
Fian Gerry Donaghy
Fian David McAuley
Fian Sean O’Riordan
Fian Michael Magee
Fian Joseph Campbell
Fian John Dougal
Fian Tobias Molloy
Fian Joseph McComiskey
Fian Bernard Fox
Fian Sean Hughes
Fian Michael Marley
Fian Robert Allsopp
Fian Kevin McAuley
Fian James O’Neill
Fian Paul McWilliams
Fian John Dempsey


Vol Jack McCabe
Vol Thomas O’Donnell
Vol Mairead Farrell
Vol Dan McCann
Vol Sean Savage
Vol Seamus Twomey


Vol Michael Motley
Vol Patrick Kelly


Vol Patrick Sheehy


Vol Francis Dodds
Vol Teddy Campbell
Vol Patrick Teer
Vol Hugh Coney
Vol James Moyne
Vol Henry Heaney
Vol Sean Bateson
Vol Pol Kinsella


*Vol Bobby Sands Died on Hunger Strike May 5 1981*
*Vol Francis Hughes Died on Hunger Strike May 12 1981*
*Vol Raymond McCreesh Died on Hunger Strike May 21 1981*
*Vol Joe McDonnell Died on Hunger Strike July 8 1981*
*Vol Martin Hurson Died on Hunger Strike July 13 1981*
*Vol Kieran Doherty Died on Hunger Strike Aug. 2 1981*
*Vol Thomas McElwee Died on Hunger Strike Aug. 8 1981*
*Vol Patsy O’Hara Died on Hunger Strike May 21 1981*
*Vol Kevin Lynch Died on Hunger Strike Aug. 1 1981*
*Vol Michael Devine Died on Hunger Strike Aug. 20 1981*


Vol Sean McKenna
Vol Peadar Mohan


Vol Colm Murtagh
Vol Patrick Hughes
Vol Oliver Rowntree
Vol Noel Madden
Vol Brendan Quinn
Vol Edward Grant
Vol Patrick McKeown
Vol Michael Hughes
Vol Robert Carr
Vol Brendan Watters


Vol Phelim Grant
Vol Charles McCann
Vol Henry Hogan
Vol Declan Martin
Vol Peter Rodden
Vol Gerard Casey


Vol Michael Crossey
Vol Charles Agnew
Vol John Francis Green
Vol Terry Brady
Vol David Kennedy
Vol Sean Burns
Vol Gervase McKerr
Vol Eugene Toman
Vol Eddie Dynes
Vol Sean McIlvenna ( )


Vol Tom Smith
Vol Brendan Seery


Vol Kevin Coen
Vol Joseph MacManus


Vol Michael McVerry
Vol Sean Boyle
Vol Francis Jordan
Vol Sean Campbell
Vol James Lochrie
Vol Peter Cleary
Vol Seamus Harvey
Vol Peadar McElvanna
Vol Brendan Burns
Vol Brendan Moley
Vol Eugene Martin
Vol Malachy Watters


Vol Louis Leonard
Vol Seamus McElwain


Vol Peter McNulty
Vol James Carlin
Vol Martin Curran
Vol Leo O’Hanlon
Vol Francis Rice
Vol Alphonsus Cunningham
Vol Paul Magorrian
Vol Colum Marks


Vol Denis Quinn
Vol Hugh Heron
Vol John Patrick Mullan
Vol Eugene Devlin
Vol Kevin Kilpatrick
Vol Sean Loughran
Vol Patrick Carty
Vol Gerard McGlynn
Vol Seamus Harvey
Vol Daniel McAnallen
Vol Patrick Quinn
Vol Desmond Morgan
Vol Jim McGinn
Vol Patrick McDonald
Vol Kevin Murray
Vol Eugene Martin
Vol Sean McKearney
Vol Neil Lafferty
Vol Paul Duffy
Vol Brian Campbell
Vol Colm McGirr
Vol William Price
Vol Charlie Breslin
Vol David Devine
Vol Michael Devine
Vol Declan Arthurs
Vol Seamus Donnelly
Vol Tony Gormley
Vol Eugene Kelly
Vol Paddy Kelly
Vol Jim Lynagh
Vol Padraig McKearney
Vol Gerard O’Callaghan
Vol Seamus Woods
Vol Brian Mullin
Vol Gerard Harte
Vol Martin Harte
Vol James Joseph Connolly
Vol Liam Ryan
Vol Dessie Grew
Vol Martin McCaughey
Vol Noel Wilkinson
Vol John Quinn
Vol Malcolm Nugent
Vol Dwayne O’Donnell
Vol Tony Doris
Vol Lawrence McNally
Vol Pete Ryan
Vol Danny McCauley
Vol Sean O’Farrell
Vol Kevin Barry O’Donnell
Vol Patrick Vincent
Vol Peter Clancy


Jim Murphy
Paul Best
Colm Mulgrew
Noel Jenkinson

(Leicester Prison)
Maire Drumm
Sean O Conaill

(Parkhurst Prison)
Peter Corrigan
Jeff McKenna
Paddy Brady
John Davey
Tommy Casey
Sam Marshall
Fergal Caraher
Eddie Fullerton
Padraig O Seanachain
Tommy Donaghy
Bernard O’Hagan
Pat McBride
Paddy Loughran
Sheena Campbell
Malachy Carey
Peter Gallagher
Alan Lundy
Pat McGeown


Vol Hugh Ferguson
Vol Danny Loughran
Vol Brendan McNammee
Vol Ronnie Trainor
Vol Seamus Costello
Vol Colm McNutt
Vol Tommy Trainor
Vol Tony McClelland
Vol Miriam Daly
Vol Ronnie Bunting
Vol Noel Little
Vol Jim Power
Vol Matt McLarnon
Vol Roddy Carroll
Vol Seamus Grew
Vol Neil McMonagle
Vol Brendan Convery
Vol Gerard Mallon
Vol Joe Craven
Vol Paul “Bonanza” McCann
Vol John O’Reilly
Vol Thomas “Ta” Power
Vol Mickey Kearney
Vol Kevin Barry Duffy
Vol Emmanuel Gargan
Vol James McPhilemy
Vol Alex Patterson
Vol Gino Gallagher
Vol John Morris
Vol Patrick Campbell


Colm Maguire


Rose Campbell
Hugh O’Neill
Michael Montgomery
Pearse Moore
Mary McGlinchey
Dominic McGlinchey
Hessy Phelan
Dermot “Tonto” McShane

Scottish Command

Vol Charles Carrigan
General James Connolly
Vol Iain McKenzie-Kennedy

Irish Republican Army (1917–1922)

Posted in Uncategorized on 07/05/2011 by johnfcaba
3rd Cork Brigade

3rd Cork BrigadeThe 3rd Cork Brigade, also known as Third (West) Cork Brigade was a unit of the Irish Republican Army that operated in the western areas of County Cork during the Anglo-Irish War.The Brigade was commanded by Tom Barry for most of the conflict and was responsible for the Kilmichael Ambush, which resulted in the deaths of 18 members of the Auxiliary Division, and the Crossbarry Ambush, during which the Brigade escaped encirclement by 1,200 British troops.List of attacks/ambushes by Third West Cork Brigade Toureen Ambush Essex Regiment Suffer Defeat at Toureen Ambush(Irish War of Independence - Third Cork Brigade)Site of the Toureen ambush.


Up until the ambush the Third West Cork Brigade hadn’t before engaged the British troops stationed in County Cork in a proper battle. The Brigade had finished its training and to get it ready for combat it had to get in an engagement with the British soldiers.

The Essex Regiment of the British Army was deployed to West Cork and had a reputation for violently raiding the houses throughout the countryside and arresting people believed to be IRA volunteers. They were also known to torture their prisoners in order to get information on the whereabouts of the flying columns, so this made them a despised enemy to the West Cork IRA.

The Essex were known to travel on the road from Bandon to Cork City every morning and return in the evenings. The road went through the village of Toureenwhich the Third West Cork Brigade was stationed at nearby and it was decided to ambush this column of the Essex Regiment as it made its way to Cork City.

Up until the ambush the Third West Cork Brigade hadn’t before engaged the British troops stationed in County Cork in a proper battle. The Brigade had finished its training and to get it ready for combat it had to get in an engagement with the British soldiers.

The Essex Regiment of the British Army was deployed to West Cork and had a reputation for violently raiding the houses throughout the countryside and arresting people believed to be IRA volunteers. They were also known to torture their prisoners in order to get information on the whereabouts of the flying columns, so this made them a despised enemy to the West Cork IRA.

The Essex were known to travel on the road from Bandon to Cork City every morning and return in the evenings. The road went through the village of Toureenwhich the Third West Cork Brigade was stationed at nearby and it was decided to ambush this column of the Essex Regiment as it made its way to Cork City.


Toureen Ambush
Part of the Irish War of Independence
Date 22 October 1920
Location Toureen, County Cork
Result IRA victory
Republic of Ireland Irish Republican Army
(Third West Cork Brigade)
United Kingdom British Army
(Essex Regiment)
Commanders and leaders
Tom Barry Captain Dickson 
32 volunteers 15 soldiers
Casualties and losses
none 5 dead, 4 wounded
6 captured


Thirty-two riflemen of the Third West Cork Brigade occupied ambush positions outside Toureen and lay in wait for the approaching Essex. The Essex normally went in two or three lorries to Cork City so the IRA placed a home-made mine on the road for use against them.

Scouts signalled the approach of two lorries which were coming down the road towards the ambush site. As the first lorry passed, the order to fire was given and a home made three pound bomb was thrown. The bomb landed inside the lorry but didn’t explode. The mine that was placed on the road also failed to detonate. As the volunteers opened fire, the second lorry stopped and the soldiers inside leaped out and returned fire, but the volunteers were hidden behind a large timber gate which gave them cover. The first lorry sped on to Cork Barracks and the men were found guilty of shameful desertion for not assisting the men in the second lorry. As the fight went on, the officer in command of the British troops, Captain Dickson, was shot in the head and killed as well as several of his men.

The British surrendered soon after and the IRA men ceased firing. The British were relieved of their weapons and ammunition, but otherwise unharmed. Fourteen rifles, bayonets, equipment, several Mills bombs, around 1,400 rounds of ammunition and a couple of revolvers were taken from them.

 Composite picture of the twelve East Cork Brigade men who fell in the fight at Clonmult. (Left to right)
(Back Row): Richard Hegarty (Garryroe); Jeremiah Aherne (Midleton); Christopher Sullivan (Midleton);
Joseph Morrissey (Athlone); Michael Hallahan (Midleton);
(Second Row): James Glavin (Cobh); John Joe Joyce (Midleton); James Aherne (Cobh); Michael Desmond (Midleton);
(Front Row): Donal Dennehy (Midleton); Liam Aherne (Midleton); David Desmond (Midleton)        

We’ll raise our voices in Ireland’s praise                                                             

Composite picture of the twelve East Cork Brigade men who fell in the fight at Clonmult

Composite picture of the twelve East Cork Brigade men who fell in the fight at Clonmult

For Ireland’s sons have proved their worth

In the good old I.R.A.

All parts fought well for Roisin Dubh

But we a record made.

In good old Cork, in famed West Cork,

The Third West Cork Brigade.

At Newcestown we struck a blow

For Ireland and Sinn Fein.                                                                              

Ballinhassig next we prove                                                                                                                         

Our rights we would maintain.                                                                                                                                    

The English foe we twice laid low,

We faced them undismayed.

In good old Cork, in famed West Cork,

The Third West Cork Brigade.

 The Black and Tans to Ireland came

To send us to our doom.

Their doughtiest warriors sallied forth                                                                                                  

In lorries from Macrom.

But at Kilmichael’s bloody fight

Their conquering course was stayed

By good old Cork, by famed West Cork,

The Third West Cork Brigade.

 Then at Crosbarry’s battlefield

Our gallant boys saw red.

For ten to one the Saxon host                                                                                                                     

Before our onslaught fled.

And o’er the hills we made our way

While our gallant piper played

In good old Cork, in famed west Cork

The third west Cork brigade

 Our boys fought well in every fight

we need not call a name

But Commandants Hales and Barry

Are now well known to fame

Napoleon like they led us on                                                                                                                                         

with courage we obeyed

In good old Cork, in famed West Cork

The Third West Cork Brigade.


But in our truimphs we shan’t forget                                                                                                         

Our comrades brave who fell

Some sleep today in nameless graves

But soon their deeds will tell

In grateful Ireland brave and free

We’ll have their names displayed

In good old Cork, in famed West Cork

The Third West Cork Brigade

 One of the first major ambushes carried out by the West Cork Brigade Flying Column under Tom Barry was at Toureen, near Ballinhassig, on the old main road between Bandon and Cork City,

At 4 a.m. on October 26th 1920, the column moved to occupy positions at Toureen, situated about seven and a half miles from Bandon.  At about 7 a.m. they arrived at a large house, belonging to a loyalist family named Roberts, which stood about twenty yards back from the road. All the occupants of the house were made prisoner and as the farm workers arrived, they were also held.

The plan of attack was reviewed once again. Unarmed men were to signal the approach of the lorries. Two riflemen each were to cover the western and eastern flank of the column. The rear flank was also protected by two riflemen. While two lorries were expected, provision had to be made to attack a third. Therefore, another five men were sent to occupy positions about sixty yards west of the point where the attack on the second lorry was planned.

This meant that there were only twenty one riflemen to attack the first two lorries which normally carried about thirty soldiers. Nine men, with Liam Deasy in charge, were placed eighty yards east of Roberts’ house, behind the ditch on the southern side of the road. Closer to the house, hidden behind a hedge, were Charlie Hurley and two riflemen. He was to explode mine under the first lorry, and then his small party and the eastern section were to open fire on the occupants, if that was needed to ensure their surrender. Sixty yards west of where the mine was placed, and behind a large timber gate which opened from the farmyard on to the road, a section of ten riflemen were in position to attack the second lorry. Ropes were fixed on the gate, which was to remain loosely closed until  When the rear of the first lorry was in line with it ropes attached to the gate were to be pulled immediately, and when the gate flew open, five men kneeling and five standing directly behind them were to be ready to fire a volley at their target, at a distance of only five or six yards. This aspect of the plan was practiced at least half-a-dozen times in order that there could be no slip-up. This section was expected to deal with the second lorry without help. By 8 a.m. all men were posted.

A little more than an hour later the scouts signalled the approach of the British convoy, and soon the waiting volunteers could hear the noise of its engines. On that morning only two lorries had set out from Bandon, the first, carrying a sergeant, six soldiers and a civilian court witness. The second lorry was occupied, according to British sources, by Lieutenant Dixon, attached to the 1st Essex regiment, a driver and six soldiers.

As the first British lorry passed over the mine Charlie Hurley depressed the plunger of his exploder. Nothing happened and the lorry drove on towards Cork City. Deasy’s party, who were awaiting the explosion of the mine before opening fire, allowed this vehicle to pass them unscathed, and managed only to fire a few ineffectual rounds at its receding tailboard.

Almost immediately the second lorry appeared and as her bonnet showed the order to fire was given. The volley sounded as one long loud shot. A three pound bomb was also thrown, which landed right in the body of the lorry but did not explode. The lorry skidded to a halt on the side of the road twenty yards from the gate, and the soldiers leaped out, led by their officer, Captain Dickson, and the fight was on. The enemy opened fire as they lay on the road facing the gate section.

The IRA men moved from behind the gate out on to the road. They now faced the Essex, whose shooting appeared to be wayward. Volley after volley was fired by the volunteers. Captain Dickson was shot through the head as he fired his revolver and soon more British soldiers were hit, some fatally. Before long the remainder of the British surrendered, raising their hands over their heads. Immediately the whistle to cease fire was blown and an order was given to divest the enemy of their arms and equipment.

The Brigade Commander came on to the road. He was disgusted at the failure of the mine and the escape of the first lorry. That lorry sped on and never halted until it reached Victoria Barracks in Cork city.

Five of the enemy were dead, including Captain Dickson and four were wounded. Fourteen rifles, bayonets, equipment, some Mills bombs, fourteen hundred rounds, as well as the officers’ revolvers and equipment were secured from them. Not one of the IRA was hit. The members of the Column helped to make the wounded Essex comfortable and supplied bandages to the unwounded for their comrades. An Essex sergeant, who was now in charge, thanked the IRA for their fair treatment. The dead were pulled away from the vicinity of the lorry which was sprinkled with petrol and set alight.

Within fifteen minutes of the opening of the attack, the IRA column had re-assembled and quickly moved off in the direction of Kilbrittain.


Five soldiers from the Essex Regiment were killed in the ambush, four were wounded and six were unhurt except for shock. None of the IRA volunteers were killed or wounded during the ambush and aid was given to the wounded soldiers, while the dead were pulled away from the lorry and it was then set on fire by the volunteers. The six soldiers who were not hurt during the ambush were released along with their wounded and they returned to their barracks.


Later that night, the Essex went on a violent rampage through Bandon, destroying property and seeking out anyone they believed to be connected to the ambush. It is believed that at least some of the rampaging soldiers were those released unharmed by the IRA earlier in the day.



The Crossbarry Ambush                                    


In the days leading up to the ambush at Crossbarry (March 19th, 1921) British forces were still on the increase as there was a growing need for their presence in the area. A document later captured by the I.R.A. showed that there were 8,800 front line infantry troops, 1150 Black and Tans, 540 Auxiliaries, 2080 machine gun corps, artillery and other units, a total of over 12,500 men. There was also the additional RIC (armed) police force. The Irish Army Volunteers had acquired arms over many months through ambushes and the men of the 3rd West Cork Brigade received training from their commandant general Tom Barry. Barry had served in the British army during The Great War and had strong republican ideals. Barry soon proved himself as a very able commander, fighting for Irish independence and carrying out many ambushes and assaults on the occupation forces, who carried out strict reprisals for such attacks and harassed the local population on a continual basis. The 3rd Brigade operated as a flying column with a single leader and drew its volunteers from the local population. Due to their ability to operate completely independently from other flying columns, the British were finding it hard to break these groups down. By March 1921 the 3rd West Cork flying column had 104 officers and men, armed with rifles or revolvers with approximately 36-40 rounds per man.  The column was split into 7 sections of 7 men each commanded by a section commander each. These were Sean Hales, John Lordan, Mick Crowley, Dennis Lordan, Tom Kelleher, Peter Kearney and Christy O’ Connell. Columns such as this relied on local sympathies to stay operational which lead to reprisals for anyone harbouring volunteer forces.

The British relied heavily on intelligence and sources had located the whereabouts of the column on the 16th and sent a reconnaissance plane to investigate. The British then set out quickly to circle the column. The IRA’s counter intelligence later reported British troop movements on the 19th to the area at roughly 1 a.m.; 400 left Cork, 200 left Ballincollig, 300 left Kinsale, 350 left Bandon, 120 Auxiliaries later left Macroom and still later more left Clonakilty and Cork. Sources one and two agree on this information however it is arguable whether such large professional forces of the British Army could have been deterred by just over 100 volunteers. However investigation into the ambush reveals how this came about.

At 2.30 a.m. while billeting at Ballyhandle, Barry received reports from his men of lights and lorries some miles to the west. 2 more reports came in simultaneously of enemy movements to the east and of lights and dogs barking to the south. Barry quickly came to the conclusion that they were to be surrounded and needed a quick break out of the encirclement as their lack of manpower and ammunition did not permit a prolonged engagement. Some of the British units dismounted and proceeded on foot to raid the surrounding country houses. It was in one of these raids 3 miles north of Crossbarry in which the British came across the wounded Charles Hurley who was recovering from a bullet wound received in a previous ambush (Upton ambush). He was killed at roughly at 6.30 a.m. by officers of the 1st Essex but was reported to have killed one and wounded two in the process. By this time Barry had the column in position to ambush British forces to the west as reports had suggested they were much closer than the other encircling troops and so could be engaged on their own.  Barry had sent a pair of volunteers to retrieve Charlie when the first reports of the British in the area came to him but these men were subsequently captured.

Barry’s ambush was meticulously organised. Mines were laid down by Capt. McCarthy, who had served in the Royal Engineers. Two small stone walls were built along the ambush site to prevent armoured cars from infiltrating the I.R.A. lines, as the volunteers could not deal with such an armoured threat directly if it were to come due to their sole possession of small arms. The ambush site was chosen west of the double crossroads at Crossbarry. The old Cork-Bandon road runs from west to east and is met by two roads running north-south creating a double crossroads 30 yards apart.  All seven sections were posted west of these crossroads. Hales’ Section was placed N of the road on the west side in a ditch which ran along the road.  This was capable of moving in behind the British once the ambush started. Christy O’ Connell’s Section was situated 600 yards west of Hales’ and was responsible for holding the right flank as it was the western most section. The four Sections belonging to the two Lordans, Crowley, and Kearney were posted east of Hales’ Section at two farmhouses along the road side. The last Section was that of Tom Kelleher placed in a field 600 yards to the rear of the four main Sections of the ambush. The mines were placed between these four sections. Three riflemen were detached from these four Sections and placed a half mile to the rear to delay enemy flank manoeuvres and prevent the enemy sneaking up on the column. It also provided the main ambushers with time to redeploy to face a new threat. So according to Barry, there were now 73 officers and men in the main ambush sector with 31 others protecting flanks and the rear. In addition to this, Flor Begley, an Intelligence Officer, brought had his pipes and was instructed to play traditional Irish war songs on his pipes in the farmyards among the main ambush force. Barry gave strict orders that no volunteer was to show himself until the fighting had begun. In addition to his no Section was to come to the aid of those fighting unless ordered, even if they themselves were not engaged, as the enemy was approaching fast from all directions and would infiltrate the column if this were to happen. Communication between Barry and his Sections was made via runners and the command post was between the centre Sections.

At 8 a.m. the convoy from the west approached, however a volunteer in the central farm houses exposed himself briefly and the British immediately saw an ambush and opened fire. The ambush had begun as Flor Begley’s pipes began to ring through the air. The fire fight was predominantly at less than ten yards due to the ambushers’ positions. The British soldiers confused and disorganised were routed quickly, running to the south across the fields. Three Sections were detached to pursue but returned after according to Barry felling “many men”. Barry had now the option to escape the noose as the west side had been obliterated but now stayed to engage the other British forces. The enemy arms and ammunition was seized along and an Irish hostage by the name of Edward White rescued. According to General Strickland hostages were often taken along as means of deterring an ambush. This apparently had no effect given the current situation.

The order to destroy the lorries was given and three were in flames when fighting broke out on the left flank. After brief intense fighting the British soldiers withdrew due to the strategic advantage of the defenders’ position. Following this fire broke out on the right flank, where apparent British raiding parties were taken surprise by O’ Connell’s Section as the British advanced cross country. These units also withdrew. Ten minutes later a British unit of 200 (according to Barry and Ryan) arrived to the flank at Tom Kelleher’s Section. Creeping along a ditch they had hoped to hit the column from behind, which would surely have caused chaos in the column. However Barry’s strategic positioning of Kelleher’s Section, who did not move despite seeing no action until this point, were waiting for the British. Allowing the British to come within fifty yards, they opened fire and these British units retreated after Barry had sent Jim “Spud” Murphy with eleven additional riflemen to reinforce this position. Barry then extended his men northwards to meet a possible flanking action from the British which came but was quickly repulsed.

Barry then moved the whole column except O’ Connell’s Section to Tom Kelleher’s position to rid the enemy of the rear and by the time Barry himself at arrived the enemy had retreated. The I.R.A. laid out their dead and the order to move out was given. Shortly following this a group of apparently disorganised British soldiers were spotted in a field discussing what to do some distance away in a field. Barry ordered all 100 rifles of the column to take aim and fire three volleys. These few soldiers “broke in all directions”. This was the last of the fighting of the ambush and the column moved off and leaving the scene of the ambush, began the 20 mile march to their next billets in the country side to continue their fight for independence.

In all according to Barry and Ryan the I.R.A. had lost three volunteers, Jeremiah O’ Leary, Con Daly and Peter Monahan. However according to Meda Ryan, Peter Monahan was not his correct name, a British solder with Irish parents from Fermoy, he defected to the I.R.A. and “will forever remain the unknown soldier”. In addition to this Charles Hurley, a leading figure of the column and great friend of Tom Barry’s was killed and two further volunteers were taken prisoner. Barry describes the British losses as, “corpses strewn on the Crossbarry road, in the fields south of it, in front of Dennis Lordan’s Section, near Christy O’ Connell’s Setion and now here were several more of them lying around Kelleher’s position”. This seems slightly exaggerated compared to Hamar Greenwood (source three) and his figures of six I.R.A. men injured and seven wounded and six taken prisoner (some were also taken in the house raids prior to the ambush). The I.R.A. did in fact have injured and Greenwood’s figures can only be derived from AARs (after action reports), however are not far off Barry’s figures. In addition the British controlled the ambush site following the columns departure and so could report accurately their own losses. This together with the official report to the British Cabinet can be looked upon with relative assurance when they report their own losses of, “eight (other ranks) soldiers and one policeman killed and five wounded (three officers and two other ranks) with one policeman being injured”.

This is seen as a sure victory for the I.R.A. of west Cork and was an “overdue strategic necessity” according to Barry, because had they not been attacked they would have continued to harass the population and arrest volunteers, thus reducing morale and interfering with the operations of the volunteers. Indeed it was described as Barry in a later interview as being “possibly a decisive factor in getting the British establishment to think of a truce”. It was also known that Lloyd George, Prime Minister of Great Britain had singled out the ambushes of Kilmichael and Crossbarry in communiqués leading up to a truce. The ambush was decisive in showing how independent fighting elements backed by a local population were extremely hard to gain intelligence on and their ability to mingle with the population and move around the area in which they knew all the terrain very well could be superior to that of the British Army. Barry’s command skills also played a decisive role in defeating the British as his expectation of British Army tactics allowed him to reply and repel their attacks. The British surely would have had the notion that there were many more volunteers than there was in reality. In an article published by the New York Times and associated press there were reports of up to 300 volunteers taking part in the ambush. General Strickland commented on the ambush saying “if the outcome had been successful {British prospective} it might easily have had decisive results as regards rebel activity in West Cork”. 

The following is a list of the republican soldiers who took part in the ambush at Crossbarry Co. Cork on Saturday 19th of March 1921.

Irish Republican Army :                                                                                                                             

Staff Officers

Surname Forename Rank

Deasy Liam Brigade Adjutant

Barry Tom Column Commandant                                                                                                    

Begley Flor Assistant Brigade Adjutant

Lucey Dr. Con Brgade M.O
Sullivan Tadhg Column Quartermaster

Crowley Mick Brigade Engineer (Section Commander)                                                                  

First Battalion

Surname Forename Address Rank Company

Hales Sean Knocknacurra Section Commander Ballinadee

Hales William Knocknacurra Volunteer Ballinadee

Hales Bob Knocknacurra Volunteer Ballinadee

O’Donoghue Con Rathrout Volunteer Ballinadee

O’Donoghue Jack Rathrout Volunteer Ballinadee

O’Donoghue Denny Rathrout Volunteer Ballinadee

Crowley Jim Kilanetig Volunteer (Wounded) Ballinadee   


Five soldiers from the Essex Regiment were killed in the ambush, four were wounded and six were unhurt except for shock. None of the IRA volunteers were killed or wounded during the ambush and aid was given to the wounded soldiers, while the dead were pulled away from the lorry and it was then set on fire by the volunteers. The six soldiers who were not hurt during the ambush were released along with their wounded and they returned to their barracks.

Later that night, the Essex went on a violent rampage through Bandon, destroying property and seeking out anyone they believed to be connected to the ambush. It is believed that at least some of the rampaging soldiers were those released unharmed by the IRA earlier in the day.

Crowley Tim Horsehill Volunteer Ballinadee

Healy Matt Rathrout Volunteer Ballinadee                                                                                              

Corkerry Jack Cloghane Volunteer Ballinadee

O’Leary Johnny Howes Strand Volunteer Kilbrittain

Lordan Denis Maryboro Section Commander Kilbrittain

Monahan Peter Volunteer (Killed) Kilbrittain

Roche Jack Kilbrittain Volunteer Kilbrittain

O’Brien Denny Clounboig Volunteer Kilbrittain

O’Sullivan Paddy Glanduff Volunteer Kilbrittain

Lehane Con Timoleague Volunteer Timoleague                                                                                 

Murphy Con Carhue Volunteer Timoleague

Hodnett Jimmy Carhue Volunteer Timoleague

Deasy Mick Volunteer Timoleague

Keohane Tim Volunteer Timoleague

O’Driscoll John Timoleague Volunteer Timoleague

Minnihane Dan Timoleague Volunteer Timoleague                                                                          

McCarthy Bill Volunteer Barryroe

Holland Dan Volunteer Ballyroe

Coleman Michael Volunteer Ballyroe

O’Brien Denis Butlerstown Volunteer Ballyroe

O’Sullivan Denis Volunteer Ballyroe

Callanan Con Volunteer Ballyroe

O’Donovan Dan Burrane South Volunteer Clogagh

Daly Con Ballinascarthy Volunteer (Killed) Clogagh                                                                       

Dempsey Paddy Volunteer Clogagh

O’Donovan Mick Volunteer Clogagh

O’Donovan Dan Clogagh Volunteer Clogagh

Mehigan Denis Dangan Volunteer Bandon

Kearney Mick Bandon Volunteer Bandon

Buckley Bill Bandon Volunteer Bandon

McCarthy Con Bandon Volunteer Bandon

Hurley Frank Laragh, Bandon Volunteer Mount Plesant                                                               

O’Brien Con Laragh, Bandon Volunteer Mount Plesant

O’Brien Jerh Tullyglass Volunteer Mount Plesant

Lordan John Coolinagh Section Commander Mount Plesant

Lordan Jim Coolinagh Volunteer Mount Plesant

Desmond Bill Volunteer Mount Plesant

Canty Dan Farnalough Volunteer Mount Plesant

Staunton Stephen Volunteer Mount Plesant

Desmond Jer Volunteer Mount Plesant

O’Callaghan Denis Lauravoulta Volunteer Mount Plesant                                                             

O’Callaghan John Lauravoulta Volunteer Mount Plesant

O’Brien Denny Tullyglass Volunteer Mount Plesant

Corcoran Dan Bengour Volunteer (Wounded) Mount Plesant

Doyle Jim Kilmore Volunteer Kilpatrick

Doyle Jer Kilmore Volunteer Kilpatrick

Crowley John Volunteer Kilpatrick

Kelleher Tom Crow Hill, Upton Section Commander Crosspound

Second Battalion

Surname Firstname Address Rank Company                                                                                                                    

Murphy Jim Clonakilty Section Commander Clonakilty

Nugent Dan Clonakilty Volunteer Clonakilty

Barry Jack Clonakilty Volunteer Clonakilty

O’Leary Con Brownstown Volunteer Ardfield

O’Sullivan Dan Cahir Volunteer Ardfield

McSweeney Eugene Castlefreke Volunteer Kilkernmore

McSweeney Jack Castlefreke Volunteer Kilkernmore

Third Battalion                                                                                                                                                 

An Cead Dáil Éireann (The First meeting of the Irish Parliament)

An Cead Dáil Éireann (The First meeting of the Irish Parliament)

Surname Firstname Address Rank Company

O’Donovan John Aultagh Volunteer Aultagh

Kearney Peter Lettergorman Section Commander Clubhouse

O’Connell Patsy Edencurra Dunmanway Volunteer Clubhouse

O’Donovan Pat Nedinagh Volunteer Clubhouse

Hurley Mick Gortnamuckly Dunmanway Volunteer Bredagh

O’Leary Denis Drimoleague Volunteer Knockbue

Fourth Battalion

Surname Firstname Address Rank Company

O’Leary Jerh Corran, Leap Volunteer (Killed) Corran                                                              

Dempsey Jack Dromindy Volunteer Drinagh

McCarthy Tim J. Lissane, Drimoleague Volunteer Bredagh

O’Neill Sean Baltimore Volunteer Baltimore

Fifth Battalion

Surname Firstname Address Rank Company

O’Driscoll Michael Snave, Bantry Volunteer Coomhola

Lucey Daniel Cooryleary, Bantry Volunteer Coomhola

O’Connor Jack Kealkil, Bantry Volunteer Kealkil

O’Sullivan Patrick Milleney, Bantry Volunteer Bantry

Keohane Patrick Parsons Bridge, |Bantry Volunteer Parsons Bridge

Norris Willie Caheragh Volunteer Caheragh                                                                                                   

Cathal Brugha - Shot 25 times during the 1916 rising and survived. After being blown across a room by British Artillery his Regiment were about to surrender, but Cathal rose singing "God Save Ireland" and the regiment held out to the end of the rebellion.

Cathal Brugha - Shot 25 times during the 1916 rising and survived. After being blown across a room by British Artillery his Regiment were about to surrender, but Cathal rose singing "God Save Ireland" and the regiment held out to the end of the rebellion.

O’Driscoll Denis Caheragh Volunteer Caheragh

Sixth Battalion

Surname Firstname Address Rank Company

O’Sullivan Michael Inchintaglan, Adrigole Volunteer Adrigole

O’Sullivan Matt Lackavane, Adrigole Volunteer Adrigole

McCarthy John Castletownbere Volunteer Castletown

Spencer Dick Rossmacowen Volunteer (Wounded) Rossmacowen

O’Shea Tim Droumard, Ardgroom Volunteer Ardgroom

Sheehan John Barrakilla, Ardgroom Volunteer (Wounded) Ardgroom

O’Connell Christy Eyeries Section Commander Eyeries, Kilcatherine, Inches

O’Driscoll Sean Eyeries Volunteer Eyeries, Kilcatherine, Inches

O’Dwyer Tim Eyeries, Caileroe Volunteer Eyeries, Kilcatherine, Inches

O’Sullivan Pat Eyeries Volunteer Eyeries, Kilcatherine, Inches

McCarthy Murt Inches Volunteer Eyeries, Kilcatherine, Inches

McAuliffe Jerry Croumlane Volunteer Eyeries, Kilcatherine, Inches

O’Sullivan Dan Gorth Volunteer Eyeries, Kilcatherine, Inches                                                                   

O’Sullivan John Kilcatherine Volunteer Eyeries, Kilcatherine, Inches

Seventh Battalion

Surname Firstname Address Rank Company

Allen Tim Ballydehob Volunteer Ballydehob

McCarthy Tom Schull Volunteer Schull

Outside of Battalion Area

Surname Firstname Address Rank Company

McCarthy Jerh Dreeney, Skibbereen Volunteer U.C.C.                                                                                              


Surname Firstname Address Rank

Finn Ted Crossbarry Scout

Collins J. Crossbarry Scout

Twomey Tadhg Crossbarry Scout

Cronin Paddy Crossbarry Scout

Doolin Denny Crossbarry Scout                                                                                                                                          

Begley Neilus Killeens Scout

Hartnett Bill Killeens Scout

Buckley Danny Inagh Scout

Buckley Miah Inagh Scout

O’Leary Paddy Ballyhandle Scout

Falvey Jack Ballymurphy Scout

Delaney Denny Belrose Scout

O’Mahony Jerome Belrose Scout

Lordan Jim Dunkerreen Scout                                                                                                                  

McCarthy Pake Upton Scout

Cronin Battie Clashinimud Scout

                                                                                                                                The Crossbarry Ambush
The Crossbarry Ambush
                                                                                                             The Crossbarry Ambush




Real Irish Republican Army (Real IRA (RIRA) Óglaigh na hÉireann (Volunteers of Ireland)

Posted in Uncategorized on 07/05/2011 by johnfcaba

Real Irish Republican Army
(Óglaigh na hÉireann)

The Real Irish Republican Army, otherwise known as the Real IRA (RIRA) and styling itself as Óglaigh na hÉireann (Volunteers of Ireland), is a paramilitary organisation which aims to bring about a united Ireland. Formed in 1997 following a split in the Provisional IRA, it is an illegal organisation in the Republic of Ireland and designated as a terrorist organisation in the United Kingdom and the United States.

The organisation has been responsible for a number of bombings in Northern Ireland and England, most notably the 15 August 1998 Omagh bombing, which killed 29 people. On 7 March 2009 RIRA members claimed responsibility for an attack on the Massereene Barracks that killed two British soldiers, the first to be killed in Northern Ireland since 1997.




On 10 October 1997 a Provisional IRA General Army Convention was held in Falcarragh, County Donegal. At the convention Provisional IRA Quartermaster General Michael McKevitt, also a member of the 12-person Provisional IRA Executive, denounced the leadership and called for an end to the group’s ceasefire and participation in the Northern Ireland peace process. He was backed by his common-law wife and fellow Executive member Bernadette Sands-McKevitt. The pair were outmanoeuvred by the leadership, and a key ally, Kevin McKenna, was voted off the Army Council leaving the pair isolated. The convention backed the orthodox pro-ceasefire line, and on 26 October McKevitt and Sands-McKevitt resigned from the Executive along with several other members.

In November 1997 McKevitt and other dissidents held a meeting in a farmhouse in Oldcastle, County Meath, and a new organisation styling itself Óglaigh na hÉireann was formed. The organisation attracted disaffected Provisional IRA members from the republican stronghold of South Armagh, as well as other areas including Dublin, Belfast, Limerick, Tipperary, County Louth, County Tyrone and County Monaghan


The RIRA’s ultimate objective is a united Ireland by forcing the end of British sovereignty over Northern Ireland through the use of physical force. The organisation rejects the Mitchell Principles and the Belfast Agreement, comparing the latter to the 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty which resulted in the partition of Ireland. The organisation aims to uphold an uncompromising form of Irish republicanism and opposes any political settlement that falls short of Irish unity and independence.

Sands-McKevitt, sister of hunger striker Bobby Sands and a founder of the RIRA’s political wing, the 32 County Sovereignty Movement, said in an interview that “Bobby did not die for cross-border bodies with executive powers. He did not die for nationalists to be equal British citizens within the Northern Ireland state”. The RIRA adopts similar tactics to those used by the Provisional IRA in the 1990s, primarily using bombs in town centres to damage the economic infrastructure of Northern Ireland. The organisation also attempts to kill members of the security forces using land mines, home-made mortars and car bombs, and targets England using incendiary and car bombs to spread terror and disruption.


Early campaign

The organisation’s first action was an attempted bombing in Banbridge, County Down on 7 January 1998. The plot involved a 300 lb car bomb, but it was thwarted after being defused by security forces. The organisation continued its campaign in late February, with bombings in Moira, County Down and Portadown, County Armagh. On 9 May the organisation formally announced its existence in a coded telephone call to Belfast media claiming responsibility for a mortar attack on a police station in Belleek, County Fermanagh.[14]

The name “Real IRA” entered common usage when members staged an illegal roadblock in Jonesborough, County Armagh and told motorists “We’re from the IRA. The Real IRA”.The organisation also carried out attacks in Newtownhamilton and Newry, and a second attack in Banbridge on 1 August injured 35 people and caused £3.5 million of damage when a 500 lb car bomb exploded. Despite these attacks the RIRA lacked a significant base and was heavily infiltrated by informers. This led to a series of high profile arrests and seizures by the Garda Síochána in the first half of 1998, including the death of member Rónán Mac Lochlainn who was shot dead trying to escape from police following an attempted robbery of a security van in County Wicklow.

 Omagh bombing

Main article: Omagh bombing

On 15 August 1998 the RIRA left a car containing 500 lb of home-made explosives in the centre of Omagh, County Tyrone. The bombers could not find a parking space near the intended target of the courthouse, and the car was left 400 metres away. As a result three inaccurate telephone warnings were issued, and the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) believed the bomb was actually located outside the courthouse. They attempted to establish a security cordon to keep civilians clear of the area, which inadvertently pushed people closer to the actual location of the bomb. Shortly after, the bomb exploded killing 29 people and injuring 220 others, in what became the single deadliest strike of the Troubles.

The bombing caused a major outcry throughout the world, and the Irish and British governments introduced new legislation in an attempt to destroy the organisation. The RIRA also came under pressure from the Provisional IRA, when Provisional IRA members visited the homes of 60 people connected with the RIRA and ordered them to disband and stop interfering with Provisional IRA arms dumps. With the organisation under intense pressure, which included McKevitt and Sands-McKevitt being forced from their home after the media named McKevitt in connection with the bombing, the RIRA called a ceasefire on 8 September.


Following the declaration of the ceasefire the RIRA began to regroup, and by the end of October had elected a new leadership and were planning their future direction. In late December Irish government representative Martin Mansergh held a meeting with McKevitt in Dundalk, in an attempt to convince McKevitt to disband the RIRA. McKevitt refused, stating that members would be left defenceless to attacks by the Provisional IRA. In 1999 the RIRA began preparations for a renewed campaign, and in May three members travelled across Europe to Split in Croatia to purchase arms which were subsequently smuggled back to Ireland. On 20 October ten people were arrested when Gardaí raided a RIRA training camp near Stamullen, County Meath. Officers found a firing range inside a disused wine cellar being used as an underground bunker, and seized weapons including an assault rifle, a submachine gun, a semi-automatic pistol and an RPG-18 rocket launcher. An earlier version of the rocket launcher, the RPG-7, had been in the possession of the Provisional IRA from as early as 1972, but this was the first time the RPG-18 had been found in the possession of a paramilitary organisation in Ireland.



 Return to activity

On 20 January 2000 the RIRA issued a call-to-arms in a statement to the Irish News. The statement condemned the Northern Ireland Executive, and stated “Once again, Óglaigh na hÉireann declares the right of the Irish people to the ownership of Ireland. We call on all volunteers loyal to the Irish Republic to unite to uphold the Republic and establish a permanent national parliament representative of all the people”. The RIRA launched its new campaign on 25 February with an attempted bombing of Shackleton Army Barracks in Ballykelly. The bombers were disturbed as they were assembling the device, which would have caused mass murder if detonated, according to soldiers. On 29 February a rocket launcher similar to one seized in the 1999 raid was found near an army base in Dungannon, County Tyrone, and on 15 March three men were arrested following the discovery of 500 lb of home-made explosives when the RUC searched two cars in Hillsborough, County Down. On 6 April a bomb attack took place at Ebrington Army Barracks in Derry. RIRA members lowered a device consisting of 5 lb of home made explosives over the perimeter fence using ropes, and the bomb subsequently exploded damaging the fence and an unmanned guardhouse.

 Bombings in England

The damage caused by the 3 August 2001 Ealing bombing

After the Omagh bombing, the RIRA leadership were unwilling to launch a full-scale campaign in Northern Ireland due to the possibility of civilians being killed.Instead they decided to launch a series of attacks in England, in particular London, which they hoped would attract disenchanted Provisional IRA members to join the RIRA. On 1 June 2000 a bomb damaged Hammersmith Bridge; a symbolic target for Irish republican paramilitary groups. The bridge had previously been targeted by the Irish Republican Army on 29 March 1939 as part of its Sabotage Campaign, and by the Provisional IRA on 24 April 1996. One month later on 19 July, security forces carried out a controlled explosion on a bomb left at Ealing Broadway station and public transport was disrupted when the Metropolitan Police closed Victoria and Paddington train stations and halted services on the London Underground. On 21 September a rocket-propelled grenade was fired at the MI6 headquarters using an RPG-22 rocket launcher, which generated headlines around the world. On 21 February 2001 a bomb disguised as a torch left outside a Territorial Army base in Shepherd’s Bush seriously injured a 14-year-old cadet, who was blinded and had his hand blown off. A second attack in Shepherd’s Bush, the 4 March BBC bombing, injured a civilian outside the BBC Television Centre. The explosion was captured by a BBC cameraman, and the footage was broadcast on TV stations worldwide, and gained mass publicity for the group.

 On 14 April a bomb exploded at a postal sorting office in Hendon, causing minor damage but no injuries. Three weeks later on 6 May a second bomb exploded at the same building, causing slight injuries to a passer-by. The 3 August Ealing bombing injured seven people, and on 3 November a car bomb containing 60 lb of home-made explosives was planted in the centre of Birmingham. The bomb did not fully detonate and no one was injured.

 Renewed campaign in Northern Ireland

The damage caused by the 30 June bomb

The successful attack on Hammersmith Bridge encouraged the RIRA leadership to launch further attacks in Northern Ireland. On 19 June 2000 a bomb was found in the grounds of Hillsborough Castle, home of Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Mandelson. On 30 June a bomb exploded on the Dublin to Belfast railway line near the village of Meigh in County Armagh. The explosion damaged the tracks, and caused disruption to train services. On 9th July a car bomb damaged buildings in Stewartstown, County Tyrone including an RUC station, and on 10 August an attack in Derry was thwarted by the RUC after a van containing a 500 lb bomb failed to stop at a police checkpoint. Following a car chase the bombers escaped across the Irish border, and the Irish Army carried out a controlled explosion on the bomb after the van was found abandoned in County Donegal.On 13 September two 80 lb bombs were planted at the Magilligan army camp in County Londonderry, one of which was planted in a wooden hut and partially exploded when a soldier opened the door to the hut. The second bomb was found during a follow-up search and made safe by bomb disposal experts. On 11 November the RUC and British Army prevented a mortar attack after stopping a van near Derrylin, County Fermanagh, and the RUC prevented a further attack on 13 January 2001 when an 1100 lb bomb was found in Armagh — the largest bomb found in several years according to the RUC.

On 23 January the RIRA attacked Ebrington Army Barracks in Derry for a second time, firing a mortar over a perimeter fence.[A mortar similar to the one used in the attack was found by Gardaí near Newtowncunningham on 13 February, and British army bomb disposal experts made safe another mortar found between Dungannon and Carrickmore on 12 April. On 1 August a 40 lb bomb was discovered in a car at the long stay car park of Belfast International Airport following a telephone warning, and was made safe with two controlled explosions by bomb disposal experts. In December a six day security operation ended when a 70 lb bomb found under railway tracks at Killeen Bridge near Newry was successfully defused. The operation began following a number of telephone warnings, and both the road and railway line connecting Newry to Dundalk were closed due to security alerts. A pipe bomb was discovered at a police officer’s home in Annalong, County Down on 3 January 2002, and two teenage boys were injured in County Armagh on 2 March when a bomb hidden in a traffic cone exploded. On 29 March 2002 the RIRA targeted a former member of the Royal Irish Regiment from Sion Mills, County Tyrone, with a bomb attached to his car that failed to explode. On 1 August a civilian worker was killed by an explosion at a Territorial Army base in Derry. The man, a 51-year-old former member of the Ulster Defence Regiment, was the thirtieth person killed by the RIRA.


Despite the RIRA’s renewed activity, the organisation became increasingly weaker due to the arrest of key members and continued infiltration by informers. McKevitt was arrested on 29 March 2001 and charged with membership of an illegal organisation and directing terrorism, and remanded into custody. In July 2001, following the arrests of McKevitt and other RIRA members, British and Irish government sources hinted that the organisation was now in disarray. Other key figures were jailed, including the RIRA’s Director of Operations, Liam Campbell, who was convicted of membership of an illegal organisation, and Colm Murphy who was convicted of conspiring to cause the Omagh bombing, although this conviction was later overturned on appeal.

On 10 April 2002, Ruairi Convey, from Donaghmede, Dublin was jailed for three years for membership of the RIRA. During a search of his home a list of names and home addresses of members of the Gardaí’s Emergency Response Unit was found. Five RIRA members were also convicted in connection with the 2001 bombing campaign in England, and received sentences varying from 16 years to 22 years imprisonment. In October 2002, McKevitt and other RIRA members imprisoned in Portlaoise Prison issued a statement calling for the organisation to stand down. After a two-month trial, McKevitt was sentenced to twenty years imprisonment in August 2003 after being convicted of directing terrorist Subsequent activities.Subsequent activities.

Since McKevitt’s imprisonment, the RIRA has regrouped and continues to be active in the UK and the Republic of Ireland. The RIRA claimed responsibility for a series of firebomb attacks against premises in Belfast in November 2004, and an attack on a Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) patrol in Ballymena during March 2006 was attributed to the RIRA by the Independent Monitoring Commission (IMC). On 9 August 2006 a number of fire bomb attacks by the RIRA hit businesses in Newry, County Down. Buildings belonging to JJB Sports and Carpetright were destroyed, and ones belonging to MFI and TK Maxx were badly damaged. On 27 October 2006, a large amount of explosives were found in Kilbranish, Mount Leinster, County Carlow by police, who believe the RIRA were trying to derail the peace process with a bomb attack. The IMC believe the RIRA was also responsible for a failed mortar attack on Craigavon PSNI Station on 4 December 2006. The IMC’s October 2006 report stated that the RIRA remains “active and dangerous” and that it seeks to “sustain its position as a terrorist organisation”. The RIRA has previously stated it has no intention of calling a ceasefire unless a declaration of intent to withdraw from Northern Ireland is made by the British Government.

On 8 November 2007 two RIRA members shot an off-duty PSNI officer as he sat in his car on Bishop Street in Derry, causing injuries to his face and arm. On 12 November another PSNI member was shot by RIRA members in Dungannon, County Tyrone. On 7 February 2008, the RIRA stated that, after experiencing a three-year period of reorganisation, it intends to “go back to war” by launching a new offensive against “legitimate targets”. It also, despite having initially apologised for the Omagh bombing, denied any large scale involvement with the attack and said that their part had only gone as far as their codeword being used. On 12 May 2008 the RIRA seriously injured a member of the PSNI when a booby trap bomb exploded underneath his car near Spamount, County Tyrone. On 25 September 2008 the RIRA shot a man in the neck in St Johnston, near the Derry border. The same man was targeted in a pipe bomb attack on his home on 25 October, the RIRA did not claim responsibility for the attack, but security forces believe they were responsible for it.

On 7 March 2009, the RIRA claimed responsibility for the 2009 Massereene Barracks shooting. This shooting occurred outside the Massereene Barracks as four soldiers were receiving a pizza delivery. Two soldiers were killed, and the other two soldiers and two deliverymen were injured. On 3 April 2009 the RIRA in Derry claimed responsibility for carrying out a punishment shooting against a convicted rapist who was awaiting sentencing for raping a 15 year old girl. The RIRA was also blamed for orchestrating rioting in the Ardoyne area of Belfast on 13 July 2009 as an Apprentice Boys parade was passing. A number of PSNI officers were injured in the rioting and at least one shot was fired at police. In early November, the Independent Monitoring Commission released a report stating that the threat from the RIRA and other dissident republicans was at its most serious level since the 1998 Good Friday Agreement.

On 5 October 2010, a car bomb exploded outside a branch of the Ulster Bank on Culmore Road in Derry. Two police officers were slightly injured in the blast, which also damaged a hotel and other businesses. Several telephone warnings were received an hour prior to the blast allowing police to cordon off the area. The RIRA later claimed responsibility in a telephone call to the Derry Journal.

 Structure and status

The RIRA has a similar command structure to the Provisional IRA, with a seven member Army Council consisting of a Chief of Staff, Quartermaster General, Director of Training, Director of Operations, Director of Finance, Director of Publicity and Adjutant General. The rank-and-file members operate in active service units of covert cells in order to prevent the organisation from being compromised by informers. As of June 2005, the organisation is believed to have a maximum of about 150 members, according to a statement by the Irish Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, Michael McDowell.

The RIRA also has a political wing, the 32 County Sovereignty Movement (formerly the 32 County Sovereignty Committee), led by Francis Mackey. The RIRA is distinct from the Continuity IRA, another Provisional IRA splinter group founded in 1986, although the two groups have been known to co-operate at a local level. The Provisional IRA have been hostile to the RIRA and issued threats to RIRA members, and in October 2000 was alleged to be responsible for the fatal shooting of Belfast RIRA member Joe O’Connor according to O’Connor’s family and 32 County Sovereignty Movement member Marian Price.

The RIRA is an illegal organisation under Irish and UK law (section 11(1) of the Terrorism Act 2000) because of the use of ‘IRA’ in the group’s name. Membership of the organisation is punishable by a sentence of up to ten years imprisonment under UK law. In 2001 the United States government designated the RIRA as a “Foreign Terrorist Organization” (FTO). This makes it illegal for Americans to provide material support to the RIRA, requires US financial institutions to freeze the group’s assets and denies suspected RIRA members visas into America.


The RIRA initially took small amounts of materiel from Provisional IRA arms dumps under the control of McKevitt and other former Provisional IRA members, including the plastic explosive Semtex, Uzi submachine guns, AK-47 assault rifles, handguns, detonators and timing devices. The defection of senior Provisional IRA members also gave the RIRA the ability to manufacture home-made explosives and improvised mortars, including the Mark 15 mortar capable of firing a 200 lb shell.

In 1999 the organisation supplemented its equipment by importing arms from Croatia, including military explosive TM500, CZ Model 25 submachine guns, modified AK-47 assault rifles with a folding stock, and RPG-18 and RPG-22 rocket launchers. but a July 2000 attempt to smuggle a second consignment of arms was foiled by Croatian police, who seized seven RPG-18s, AK-47 assault rifles, detonators, ammunition and twenty packs of TM500.

Again in 2001, RIRA members travelled to Slovakia to procure arms, and were caught in a sting operation by the British security agency MI5. The men attempted to purchase 5 tonnes of plastic explosives, 2,000 detonators, 500 handguns, 200 rocket-propelled-grenades, and also wire-guided missiles and sniper rifles, but were arrested and extradited to the UK and subsequently imprisoned for 30 years after pleading guilty to conspiring to cause explosions and other charges.

In June 2006, the PSNI made a number of arrests following a MI5 sting operation targeting a dissident republican gun smuggling plot. The RIRA had attempted to procure arms from France including Semtex and C-4 plastic explosives, SAM-7 surface-to-air missiles, AK-47s, rocket launchers, heavy machine guns, sniper rifles, pistols with silencers, anti-tank weapons and detonators.On 30 June 2010, two of those arrested were found guilty following a trial by judge in Belfast. On 1 October 2010 one man was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment for attempting to import weapons and explosives, the other was sentenced to 4 years imprisonment for making a Portuguese property available for the purpose of terrorism.

History of Ireland – Stair na hÉireann

Posted in Uncategorized on 07/05/2011 by johnfcaba

Ireland The first known settlement in Ireland began around 8000 BC, when hunter-gatherers arrived from continental Europe, probably via a land bridge.Few archaeological traces remain of this group, but their descendants and later Neolithic arrivals, particularly from the Iberian Peninsula, were responsible for major Neolithic sites such as Newgrange.[2][3] On the arrival of Saint Patrick and other Christian missionaries in the early to mid-5th century AD, Christianity began to subsume the indigenous Celtic religion, a process that was completed by the year 600.

From around AD 800, more than a century of Viking invasions brought havoc upon the monastic culture and on the island’s various regional dynasties, yet both of these institutions proved strong enough to survive and assimilate the invaders. The coming of Cambro-Norman mercenaries under Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, nicknamed Strongbow, in 1169 marked the beginning of more than 700 years of direct Norman and, later, English involvement in Ireland. The English crown did not begin asserting full control of the island until after the English Reformation, when questions over the loyalty of Irish vassals provided the initial impetus for a series of military campaigns between 1534 and 1691. This period was also marked by an English policy of plantation which led to the arrival of thousands of English and Scottish Protestant settlers. As the military and political defeat of Gaelic Ireland became more clear in the early seventeenth century, the role of religion as a new division in Ireland became more pronounced. From this period on, sectarian conflict became a recurrent theme in Irish history.

The overthrow, in 1613, of the Catholic majority in the Irish parliament was realised principally through the creation of numerous new boroughs, all of which were Protestant-dominated. By the end of the seventeenth century all Catholics, representing some 85% of Ireland’s population then, were banned from the Irish parliament. Political power rested entirely in the hands of an Anglo settler-colonial, and more specifically the state church (Church of Ireland) minority, while the Catholic and some Protestant denominations suffered severe political and economic privations. In 1801, the Irish Parliament was abolished and Ireland became an integral part of a new United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland under the Act of Union. Catholics were still banned from sitting in that new parliament until Catholic Emancipation was attained in 1829, the principal condition of which was the removal of the poorer, and thus more radical, Irish freeholders from the franchise.

The Irish Parliamentary Party strove from the 1880s to attain Home Rule self-government through the parliamentary constitutional movement eventually winning the Home Rule Act 1914, though it was suspended on the outbreak of World War I.

In 1922, after the Irish War of Independence and the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the larger part of Ireland seceded from the United Kingdom (UK) to become the independent Irish Free State; and after the 1937 constitution, Ireland. The six north eastern counties, known as Northern Ireland, remained within the United Kingdom. The Irish Civil War followed soon after the War of Independence. The history of Northern Ireland has since been dominated by sporadic sectarian conflict between (mainly Catholic) Nationalists and (mainly Protestant) Unionists. This conflict erupted into the Troubles in the late 1960s, until an uneasy peace thirty years later.

30th Anniversary of Irish Republican Hunger Strike

Posted in Uncategorized with tags on 07/05/2011 by johnfcaba

Thousands of people attending a march and rally in Londonderry to mark the 30th anniversary of the 1981 Irish Republican hunger strike at the Maze Prison. Ten prisoners from the IRA and INLA died during the protest.

Thousands of people attending a march and rally in Londonderry to mark the 30th anniversary of the 1981 Irish Republican hunger strike at the Maze Prison. Ten prisoners from the IRA and INLA died during the protest. The march made its way from the home of INLA member Michael Devine, who died during the protest, in the Creggan Estate to the Bogside where the rally was held at the hunger strike memorial. The march was headed by hundreds of ex republican prisoners dressed in whit shirts, black ties and black trouses. The rally was addressed by for prisoners Raymond McCartney and Martina Anderson of Sinn Fein.

Irish Hunger Strikers remembered in Dublin – Ireland

Posted in Uncategorized on 07/05/2011 by johnfcaba

Hundreds of people took part in a commemoration in Dublin to remember the Irish Hunger Striker Bobby Sands, who died in Long Kesh prison on the 5th of May 1981.

Though the hunger strikers lost their lives, the British government lost the battle of criminalisation.

“In the years since then republicans have succeeded in increasing popular support for our goals and objectives.

“Bobby was inspired by the words of the Proclamation and writing on scraps of paper that were smuggled out of the prison he railed against “those who ignore injustice, and exploit and oppress working people.

Hundreds of people took part in a comemmorative march today in Dublin to remember IRA Hunger Striker Bobby Sands who died in Long Kesh Prison on the 5th of May 1981. The nine other men who died on the 1981 Hunger Strike were also remembered along with Michael Gaughan and Frank Stagg, both of whom died on Hunger Strike in English Prisons in the 1970’s.

The march began at Dublin’s Garden of Remembrance and finished at the Irish Republican plot in Glasnevin Cemetary. The Cuban Ambassador to Ireland, Teresita Trujillo, also attended the event.